The system of government of the Japanese empire is as yet but imperfectly known. The nominal head of the State is a Spiritual Emperor called the ‘Mikado,’ invisible to the people, and considered of semi-divine origin. At his side stands a Temporal Emperor, the ‘Ziogun,’ or, as commonly called, the Tycoon, whose office also is hereditary in his family, and who represents the central executive. But neither the Mikado nor the Tycoon appear to be possessed of general authority, extending over the whole State. The actual government is vested in a number of feudal princes, or ‘Daimios,’ proprietors in their own right of a more or less extensive territory, over which they exercise absolute sway. The central authority is not only powerless as far as they are concerned, but they claim the right even of removing the Tycoon and his ministers.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Japan
1. Official Publications
- Commercial Reports from H.M.’s Consuls in China and Japan. 1864. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
- Reports by Mr. Consul Vyse and Mr. ‘Consul Winchester on the Trade of Hakodadi and Kanagawa; in. Consul Winchester on the Trade of Hakodadi and Kanagawa; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
2. Non-Official Publications
- Alcock (Sir Rutherford), The Capital of the Tycoon; a narrative of a three years’ residence in Japan. 2 vols. 8. London, 1863.Google Scholar
- Cornwailh (Kinahan), Two Journeys to Japan. 1856–57. 8. London, 1859.Google Scholar
- Heine (W.), Reise um die Erde nach Japan. 8. Leipzig, 1856.Google Scholar
- llildrctk (R.), Japan as It “Was and Is. 8. London, 1856.Google Scholar
- Leupc (P.A.), Reise van Maarten Gerritz-Uries in 1643 near hét Noorden en Oosten van Japan. 8. Amsterdam 1858.Google Scholar
- Liihdorf (J. A.), Acht Monate in Japan. 8. Bremen, 1857.Google Scholar
- Oshorn (Capt S.), A Cruise in Japanese Waters. 8. London, 1859.Google Scholar
- Spiess (Gust.), Die Preussische Expedition nach Ostasien Mährend der Jahre 1860–62. Reise-Skizzen aus Japan, China, Siam und der Indischen Inselwelt. 8. Berlin, 1865.Google Scholar
- Titsingh (M.), Mémoires et Anecdotes sur la Dynastie Régnante des Djogoungs, souverains du Japon. Publié par A. Rémusat. 8. Paris, 1820.Google Scholar