• Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The republic of Switzerland, formerly a league of semi-independent states, or ‘Staatenbund,’ has become a united confederacy, or ‘Bundesstaat,’ since the year 1848. The present constitution, product of a short civil war, bears date September 12, 1848. It vests the supremo legislative and executive authority in a parliament of two chambers, a ‘Stiinderatli,’ or State Council, and a ‘Nationalrath,’ or Federal Council. The first is composed of forty-four members, chosen by the twenty-two cantons of the Confederation, two for each canton. The ‘Nationalrath’ consists of 120 representatives of the Swiss people, chosen in direct election, at the rate of one deputy for every 20,000 souls. New elections take place every three years. Every citizen of the republic who has attained the age of twenty years, is entitled to a vote; and any voter, not a clergyman, may be elected a deputy. Both chambers united are called the ‘Bundes-Versammlung,’ or Federal Assembly, and as such represent the supreme government of the republic. The chief executive authority is deputed to a ‘Bundesrath,’ or Federal Council, consisting of seven members, elected for three years, by the Federal Assembly. Every citizen who has a vote for the National Council is capable of becoming a member of the executive.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Switzerland

1. Official Publications

  1. Schweizerische Statistik. Herausgegeben Tom Statistischen Bureau des Eidgenöss. Departements des Innern. 4. Bern, I860.Google Scholar
  2. Schweizerische “Statistik. Bevölkerung. Eidgenössische Volkszählung vom 10. Dec. I860. 4. Bern, 1862.Google Scholar
  3. Statistique de la Suisse. Commerce de la France avec la Suisse pendant les onze années 1851–180,1. 4. Bern, 1803.Google Scholar
  4. Vaarenverkehr der Schweiz mit besonderer Berücksichtigung Ruf den Zollverein und Oesterreich. 4. Bern, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Reports by Mr. Burnley, H. JI.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Trade, Industry, Agriculture, Finance, and Popular Education of Switzerland, dated June 29, und Dee. 28, 1803, and June 20, 1864; in ‘Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VII. London, 1864.Google Scholar
  6. Report by Mr. Rumbold, H. M’s Secretary of Legation, on the Penal Laws of Switzerland; dated March, 1865; in ‘Reports by H.M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. IX. London, 1865.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Gam (Dr. Karl J) Bericht über die Ergebnisse der durch die regierungsräthliehe Fabrikcommission im J. 1860 vorgenommenen Inspectionen der sämmtliehen Fabriken des Cnntons Zürich. 8. Winterthur, 1861.Google Scholar
  2. Hodler (J.), Allgemeine Grundsätze des Natürlichen Staatsrechts mit ver-, gleichender Berücksichtigung der Schweizerischen Bundesverfassung und der Berner Cuntonsverfassung. 8. Bern, 1805.Google Scholar
  3. Kolk (G. Fr.), Beiträge zur Statistik der Industrie und des Handels der Schweiz. 8. Zürich, 1859.Google Scholar
  4. Kolh (G. Fr.). Die Schweiz in ihren Bürgerlichen und Politischen Zuständen. 8. Zürich, 1858.Google Scholar
  5. Stifft (A. von), Culturstudien. Kunst- und Rcisebriefe aus der Schweiz und Deutschland. 2 vols. 8. Berlin, 1805.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1866

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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