The constitution of the Argentine Republic bears date May 15, 1853. By its provisions, the executive power is left to a president elected for six years by representatives of the fourteen provinces, 133 in number; while the legislative authority is exercised by a Senate and a House of Deputies, the former numbering 30, and the latter 54 members. A vice-president, elected in the same manner, and at the same time as the president, assists in the discharge of the executive. The president is commander-in-chief of the troops, and appoints to all civil, military, and judicial offices; but he and his ministers are responsible for their acts, and liable to impeachment before the Senate and the House of Representatives.
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