Science of Mass Destruction: How Biosecurity Became an Issue for Academies of Science
- 103 Downloads
The growing interest in biosecurity outlined in other chapters in this volume has reached the international academic arena. Many national and international scientific organisations are involved in these issues in a way they were not in the past; including national academies of sciences. This chapter concentrates on the role of the InterAcademy Panel (IAP) on International Affairs and on the debates and discussions in the Netherlands where the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) developed a national Code of Conduct for Biosecurity.
KeywordsHealth Council Dutch Government Human Security Biological Weapon Life Science Research
- Bakker E 2008. CBRN terrorisme. In ER Muller, U Rosenthal and R. de Wijk (eds) Terrorisme. Deventer: Kluwer, pp. 125–48.Google Scholar
- Fidler DP and Gostin LD 2008. Biosecurity in the Global Age. Biological Weapons, Public Health and the Rule of Law. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Guthrie R 2007. Rising out of the Doldrums. Report of the BWC Review Conference Disarmament Today, nr. 84 (http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd84/index.htm).
- Health Council (Gezondheidsraad) 2001. Verdediging tegen bioterrorisme. Den Haag: GezondheidsraadGoogle Scholar
- Health Council (Gezondheidsraad) 2002 Bioterrorisme: vervolgadvies. Gezondheidsraad: Den HaagGoogle Scholar
- Human Security Centre 2005. The Human Security Report 2005. War and Peace in the 21st Century. New York–Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Kamerstuk 1997–1998, 25600 X, nr. 9, Tweede Kamer.Google Scholar
- KNAW 2007. A Code of Conduct on Biosecurity. Amsterdam: KNAW.Google Scholar
- NRC (National Research Council)–Committee on Research, Standards and Practices to prevent the Destructive Application of Biotechnology, Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism. Washington DC: National Research Council.Google Scholar
- Tijmstra T 2001. Het imperatieve karakter van medische technologie en de betekenis van ‘geanticipeerde beslissingsspijt’ (The imperative character of medical technology and the meaning of anticipated decision regret). Berg M and A Mol (ed.) (2001), Ingebouwde Normen. Medische Technieken Doorgelicht, Utrecht: Van der Wees, pp. 40–5.Google Scholar
- UN (United Nations) 2002. Final Document of the Fifth Review Conference of the State Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (Geneva, 19 November–7 December 2001 and 11–22 November 2002). Geneva.Google Scholar