Historical Overview of Education in Taiwan

  • Chuing Prudence Chou
  • Gregory Ching
Part of the International and Development Education book series (INTDE)


There are records of settlement and agricultural education on the island of Penghu dating back to the early seventeenth century. As far as we know, this may be the earliest example of vocational education in Taiwan (Hsu 1993). Other than the type of education documented in these records, education in Taiwan has been similar to that of China, consisting of private education or self-study that focuses on the Keju examinations. Keju (the imperial examination system) is an examination system used in ancient China to test and select government officials. It was first adopted in the Sui Dynasty (581–618) and lasted through the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). Intellectuals who wanted to become an official were required take these multitier examinations.


Education Policy Lifelong Learning Junior High School Education Reform Senior High School 
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© Chuing Prudence Chou, Gregory Ching 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chuing Prudence Chou
  • Gregory Ching

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