Historical Overview of Education in Taiwan
There are records of settlement and agricultural education on the island of Penghu dating back to the early seventeenth century. As far as we know, this may be the earliest example of vocational education in Taiwan (Hsu 1993). Other than the type of education documented in these records, education in Taiwan has been similar to that of China, consisting of private education or self-study that focuses on the Keju examinations. Keju (the imperial examination system) is an examination system used in ancient China to test and select government officials. It was first adopted in the Sui Dynasty (581–618) and lasted through the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). Intellectuals who wanted to become an official were required take these multitier examinations.
KeywordsEducation Policy Lifelong Learning Junior High School Education Reform Senior High School
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Altbach, Philip G. 2003. “Why the United States Will Not Be a Market for Foreign Higher Education Products: A Case against GATS 2003.” International Higher Education 31 (Spring): 5–8.Google Scholar
- China’s Ministry of Culture, n.d. Keju (Imperial Examination System). Beijing: Ministry of Culture, People’s Republic of China. Available online at: http://www1.chinaculture.org.
- Chou, Chuing Prudence. 2003. The Great Experiment of Taiwanese Education: 1987–2003. Taipei: Psychology Publishing.Google Scholar
- Chou, Chuing Prudence, and Ai-Hsin Ho. 2007. “Schooling in Taiwan.,” Going to School in East Asia, edited by G. Postiglione and J. Tan, 344–377. New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
- Davidson, James. 2005. The Island of Formosa, Past and Present. Taipei: SMC Publishing.Google Scholar
- Duann, Pu. 2010. Taiwanese Education during the Japanese Era. Taipei: National Cheng Chi University.Google Scholar
- Everts, Natalie. 2000. Jacob van Lamay van Tayouan: An Indigenous Formosan Who Became an Amsterdam Citizen. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Hsu, Nan-Hao. 1993. Taiwanese Education History. Taipei: National Taiwan Normal University.Google Scholar
- Hwang, Guang-Guo. 2003. What’s Wrong with Taiwanese Education Reform. Taipei: Ink Publishing.Google Scholar
- Olssen, Mark. 2002. “The Restructuring of Tertiary Education in New Zealand: Governmentality, Neo-liberalism, Democracy.” McGill Journal of Education 37 (1): 57–88.Google Scholar
- Tsurumi, Patricia. 1999. Japanese Colonial Education in Taiwan: 1895–1945. Yilan: Young Sun Foundation.Google Scholar
- Yang, Shen-Keng. 2000. “Education Reform Facing the New Millenium— Methodological Reflection and International Comparison.” Bulletin of Educational Research 44: 1–34.Google Scholar
- Yang, Shen-Keng. 2001. “Dilemmas of Education Reform in Taiwan: Internationalization or Localization?” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society, Washington, DC, March 14–17, 2001.Google Scholar
- Zhen, Wei-Zhong. 2004. Taiwanese Society in the Dutch Era. Taipei: Avanguard Publishing.Google Scholar