Advertisement

The Origins of the Chinese Communist Alliance with the Hong Kong Business Elite, the 1997 Question, and the Basic Law Committees, 1979–1985

  • Cindy Yik-yi Chu

Abstract

With the establishment of the Hong Kong SAR, its chief executive Tung Chee-hwa became the focus of attention. The appointment of Tung, a shipping tycoon, signified the dominance of business interests in the government. There were many reports of the close relations between Beijing and the Hong Kong business establishment, which dated back to the late 1970s and early 1980s when the Chinese Communists adopted a united front policy toward the local business leaders. Hong Kong’s reversion to sovereignty of the PRC “created an urgent need” for HK Xinhua “to expand its working agenda to include achieving its direct political participation and expanding its influence in the transitional period.”1 This chapter traces the history of the Chinese Communist alliance with the Hong Kong business elite from 1979 to 1985.

Keywords

Capitalist System Business Establishment Business Elite Legislative Council Vice Chairman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 6.
    Kevin P. Lane, Sovereignty and the Status Quo: The Historical Roots of China’s Hong Kong Policy (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1990), p. 8Google Scholar
  2. Li Changdao and Gong Xiaohang, Jibenfa toushi [A look into the Basic Law] (Hong Kong: Chung Hwa 1990), p. 22.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Xu Jiatun, Xu Jiatun Xianggang huiyilu [Xu Jiatun’s Hong Kong memoirs], vol. 1 (Hong Kong: Xianggang lianhebao, 1994), pp. 82–83.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    Brian Hook, “Political Change in Hong Kong,” in Greater China: The Next Superpower? ed. David Shambaugh (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 188, n. 1.Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    Sze-yuen Chung, Hong Kong’s Journey to Reunification: Memoirs of Sze-yuen Chung (Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2001), pp. 30–31.Google Scholar
  6. 12.
    Ian Scott, Political Change and the Crisis of Legitimacy in HongKong (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989), p. 176; Lane, Sovereignty and the Status Quo, pp. 91–92.Google Scholar
  7. 17.
    Zhang Jiefeng and others, Bubian, wushi nian?: Zhong Ying Gang jiaoli Jibenfa [No change for fifty years?: China, Britain and Hong Kong wrestled with the Basic Law] (Hong Kong: Langchao chubanshe, 1991), p. 32; “Taiwan Not Same Issue as Hongkong,” Beijing Review, August 27, 1984, p. 8.Google Scholar
  8. 23.
    Michael Specter, “Colonial Constituency: An Election Proposal May Mean a New Phase in Sino-British Talks,” Far Eastern Economic Review, January 19, 1984, pp. 12–14.Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Teresa Ma, “Debatable Proposition: The Territory’s Usually Docile Councillors Want at Least a Say in What the Future Is to Be,” Far Eastern Economic Review, March 8, 1984, p. 26.Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Philip Bowring, “Heaven’s Command: Index Arise,” Far Eastern Economic Review, February 23, 1984, p. 77.Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Teresa Ma, “Capitalism, China-style,” Far Eastern Economic Review, March 1, 1984, p. 68.Google Scholar
  12. 29.
    Lu Jingli, “Zhongzi jigou zai Gang fazhan de xin zhuanbian” [New changes of mainland companies in Hong Kong], Economic Digest [Jingji yizhou], February 13, 1984, pp. 4–6.Google Scholar
  13. 32.
    Derek Davies, “A Leap into the Dark: Britain Concedes Sovereignty but Wants All Agreements Guaranteed,” Far Eastern Economic Review, May 3, 1984, pp. 14–15.Google Scholar
  14. 34.
    Philip Bowring, “Peking’s Little List,” Far Eastern Economic Review, May 17, 1984, pp. 18–19.Google Scholar
  15. 45.
    Louise do Rosario, “The Door Opens Wide: Entrepreneurial Entrepôt Hongkong Profits from the Opening of China’s Trade with the World,” Far Eastern Economic Review, February 28, 1985,. pp. 96–97.Google Scholar
  16. 46.
    Elizabeth Cheng, “Lending Credibility: The Bank of China Moves Further into the International Capital Markets by Arranging a Hongkong Property Loan,” Far Eastern Economic Review, May 9, 1985, pp. 84–85.Google Scholar
  17. 47.
    Emily Lau, “Scramble for Power: The Territory’s Non-Civil Servant Leaders Begin the Race to the Top,” Far Eastern Economic Review, April 18, 1985, pp. 43–44.Google Scholar
  18. 63.
    Robert Cottrell, The End of Hong Kong: The Secret Diplomacy of Imperial Retreat (London: John Murray, 1993), p. 99.Google Scholar
  19. 64.
    Lu Fanzhi, Lu Fanzhi lun Xianggang qiantu (2): Ping Zhong Ying shuangfang yu jibenfa wenti [A discussion on Sino-British Relations and the Basic Law question] (Hong Kong: Beichen xueshe, Jixianshe, 1985), p. 147.Google Scholar
  20. 65.
    Terry Cheng, “Basic Law Group Becomes Official: Now for First Draft Session,” South China Morning Post, June 19, 1985, pp. 1 & 14.Google Scholar
  21. 67.
    William McGurn, ed., Basic Law, Basic Questions: The Debate Continues (Hong Kong: Review Publishing, 1988), Appendix D: “Full List of Basic Law Drafting Committee (BLDC) Members,” pp. 165–68.Google Scholar
  22. 71.
    Emily Lau, “Basic-Law Makers: Peking Announces the Make-Up of a Drafting Committee Geared to Develop a Mini-Constitution for the British Territory,” Far Eastern Economic Review, July 4, 1985, pp. 16.Google Scholar
  23. 77.
    Ambrose Y. C. King, “The Hong Kong Talks and Hong Kong Politics,” Issues & Studies 22, no. 6 (June 1986): 69–71.Google Scholar
  24. 84.
    Emily Lau, “The Early History of the Drafting Process,” in The Basic Law and Hong Kong’s Future, ed. Peter Wesley-Smith and Albert H. Y. Chen (Hong Kong: Butterworths, 1988), p. 93.Google Scholar
  25. 86.
    Emily Lau, “Capitalist Delegates to People’s Congress,” Far Eastern Economic Review, August 1, 1985, pp. 24 & 26.Google Scholar
  26. 87.
    Emily Lau, “Shadow in the Wings: Peking’s Xinhua Sets Up Power Centre in the Territory,” Far Eastern Economic Review, January 9, 1986, p. 32.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Cindy Yik-yi Chu 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cindy Yik-yi Chu

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations