Advertisement

Abstract

The new Russian literature emerged from trie decade of arguments on trie liberation of trie serfs, which preceded the proclamation of this reform by Alexander II in 1861. It developed at the same time with the campaign against autocracy, which would reach a climax in the “Land and Freedom” movement of the 1880s. Yet, it will be an unwarranted overestimation of literature’s influence on political decision-making to argue that the liberation of the serfs, or (a less popular claim) the subsequent assassination of the Tsar-Liberator, was brought about by writers’ efforts. The writers and poets of Pushkin’s age had, all but a few, come from the ranks of the aristocracy; it was also they who established the tradition of opposition to the regime by their support of the Decembrist revolt of 1825. As the reign of Nicholas I came to an end in 1855, the aristocratic writer had still not become a rarity in the landscape of Russian literature, but it was rare enough for him not to write critically of his own social milieu.

Keywords

Chinese Literature Russian Literature Foreign Literature Chinese Writer Chinese Intellectual 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 5.
    David M. Bethea, “Literature”, in Nicholas Rzhevsky, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Modern Russian Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), here pp. 165–66.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    This point is made by Benjamin Schwartz, “The Intelligentsia in Communist China: A Tentative Comparison”, in Richard Pipes, ed., The Russian Intelligentsia (New York: Columbia University Press, 1961), here pp. 176–77.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    See Zheng Zhenduo, “Wenxue de tongyiguan” (A Unified View of Literature), Xiaoshuoyuebao, vol. 13, no. 8 (August 1922), pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
  4. 19.
    See Charles W. Hayford, To the People: James Yen and Village China (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990).Google Scholar
  5. 20.
    Cf. Hung Changtai, Going to the People: Chinese Intellectuals and Folk Literature, 1918–1937 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985), pp. 173–75.Google Scholar
  6. 21.
    Alexander Etkind, “Orientalism Reversed: Russian Literature in the Times of Empire”, Modern Intellectual History, vol. 4, no. 3 (2007), p. 626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 23.
    For a survey of these origins, see W Gareth Jones, “Politics”, in Malcolm V. Jones and Robin Feuer Miller, eds., The Cambridge Companion to the Classic Russian Novel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 41.
    Vitalii A. Shentalinskü, Donos na Sokrata (Moscow: Formika-S, 2001), esp. pp. 72–3.Google Scholar
  9. 67.
    Boris Pasternak, Safe Conduct: An Autobiography and Other Writing (New York: New Directions, 1958), p. 119.Google Scholar
  10. 70.
    Vladimir Nabokov, Nikolai Gogol, corrected ed. (New York: New Directions, 1961), pp. 38–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Mark Gamsa 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Gamsa

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations