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Catalonia as an Autonomous Community

  • Susan J. Henders

Abstract

The post-communist transitions from authoritarian rule in post-Cold War East and Central Europe refocused attention on the sometimes problematic relationship among state, nation(s), and democratization, or what Linz and Stepan (1996: 16) have called “stateness.” This often conf lict-ridden triad has confounded attempts to establish stable democratic regimes in some states with minority territorial communities. Not so for post-Franco Spain. Following the 1975 death of General Francisco Franco, Spanish political elites successfully secured a democratic transition partly by agreeing to give special status to Catalonia, the Basque Country, and Galicia, the so-called historic regions. A region of northeast Spain, Catalonia had active nationalist movements claiming the territory had a distinct identity due to its language (Catalan), economic and social dynamism, and history of autonomous political institutions. A few nationalists demanded independence, but most were moderates calling for the reestablishment of Catalonia’s earlier autonomous political status within a democratic Spain.

Keywords

European Union Basque Country Autonomous Community Social Solidarity Fiscal Deficit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Susan J. Henders 2010

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  • Susan J. Henders

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