Blueprint for Freedom: Bermuda’s Black Power Conference of 1969

Part of the Contemporary Black History book series (CBH)


From July 10 to July 13, 1969, the First Regional International Black Power Conference (BPC) was held in Bermuda. Local Blacks and the wider African Diaspora supported the meeting, which signified the growth of Black Power in the West Indies. As were other Black Power Conferences in the region, it was seen as an opportunity to address the concerns of the Blacks across the world.


Black Community Black People Black Youth African People Black Panther Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    Pauulu Kamarakafego, Me Owe: The Autobiography of Pauulu Kamarakefego (Canada: PK Publishing, 2001), 160.Google Scholar
  2. 16.
    Stokely Carmichael and Ekwueme Michael Thelwell, Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael [Kwame Toure] (Scribner: New York, 2003), 690.Google Scholar
  3. 18.
    First International Regional Black Power Conference, Bermuda 1969, Black Power Conference Reports, Philadelphia Aug. 30–Sept 1, 1968, Bermuda July 13, 1969 (San Diego: University Library of University of California, 1969), 58.Google Scholar
  4. 22.
    BPC, 59, 64–66; Sizzla Kalonji, “Give Dem a Ride”, Black Woman and Child (Kingston: Greensleeves, 1997)Google Scholar
  5. 41.
    Kamarakafego, interview. See Gary Foley, “Black Power in Redfern, 1968–1972” [article online] (Melbourne: Gary Foley, 2001); available from, accessed July 15, 2008Google Scholar
  6. 46.
    Victoria Pasley, “The Black Power Movement in Trinidad: An Exploration of Gender and Cultural Changes and the Development of a Feminist Consciousness”, Journal of International Women’ s Studies 3: 1 (2001): 2.Google Scholar
  7. 53.
    Selwyn Ryan, “Politics in an Artificial Society: The Case of Bermuda”, in Size, Self Determination and International Relations: The Caribbean, ed. Vaughn Lewis (Kingston: University of West Indies Institute of Social and Economic Research, 1976), 181Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Quito Swan 2009

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations