Relationships between Economic and Environmental Factors, and Labour Migration to Réunion, 1820–1860
This chapter compliments that of Chap. 4 in examining the applicability of new spatial and temporal paradigms, and the use of Bayesian Network analysis, for interpreting the history of indentured labour migration in the southwest Indian Ocean World (IOW). It does so in the context of human-environment interaction. A core element of the environmental side of this relationship was the monsoon system of winds and currents that was of fundamental importance in shaping the agricultural, migration, and trading regimes of the IOW. Other major environmental factors included El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), cyclonic activity, and volcanism. At the same time, human activity has indelibly impacted the environment. Our findings reveal the significance chiefly of push and pull factors related to the climate and economic incentives to migration in both Madagascar and Mauritius.
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