Child Labour and its Interaction with Adult Labour in Ivory Coast (1980–2000)
This chapter focuses on child labour and its interactions with adult labour in Ivory Coast, from the early 1980s to 2002. Its purpose is to analyse the familial determinants of child labour and to determine whether children’s work and parents’ work are substitutes or complements in family labour decisions, using statistical data and models. The existence of a very robust correlation between the child’s economic activity and his mother’s work in rural areas is demonstrated: children are more likely to be economically active when their mother is. This chapter offers some explanations for this result. Poverty can be a plausible explanation, but the model suggests that failures of adult labour market can also be at stake.
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