Frantz Fanon’s Psychology of Black Consciousness

  • Lewis R. Gordon
  • LaRose T. Parris


This chapter provides a theoretical analysis of Frantz Fanon’s psychiatric, philosophical, and revolutionary thought as a clinical practitioner, polemicist, and soldier dedicated to nurturing, individual and collective self-emancipatory praxis among the colonized peoples of the Global South. Fanon’s, Black Skin, White Masks refutes Euromodern psychiatric formulations of the Black as innately diseased and, instead, reveals the socially generated phenomenon of anti-black racism as the root of the Black’s perceived mental illness. This sociogenic analysis and decolonial method provides a critical foundation for Fanon’s clinical and theoretical innovations. For Fanon, Black consciousness is the psychological manifestation of liberatory self-actualization; the psychic movement away from the reductive, racial designation of ‘the black,’ to the self-affirming identification of ‘the Black,’ an actional agent catalyzing revolutionary socio-political change.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lewis R. Gordon
    • 1
  • LaRose T. Parris
    • 2
  1. 1.University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Laguardia Community College of the City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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