Advertisement

Media Deserts: Monitoring the Changing Media Ecosystem

  • Michelle Ferrier
  • Gaurav Sinha
  • Michael Outrich
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter describes the Media Deserts Project, which allows researchers to monitor the health of media ecosystems and provides a valuable tool in policy and resource allocation. By mapping circulation data onto geographies, the Media Deserts Project relies on a geographic framework and a geographic information system technology to assess and track the changes in the information health of communities across the USA. The team behind the project is working to create new mapping tools for researchers, policymakers, and local leaders to help them identify communities lacking access to local news and information, as well as measure trends in access to critical news and information needs and where valuable human and capital resources might be deployed to establish or restore news and information coverage.

Keywords

Geographic Information System Daily Newspaper Newspaper Coverage Local News Circulation Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Barlow, Mike. 2014. Data visualization: A new language for storytelling. O'Reilly Media. Sebastopol, CA.Google Scholar
  2. Bohman, James. 2004. Expanding dialogue: The Internet, the public sphere and prospects for transnational democracy. The Sociological Review 52: 131–155. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-954X.2004.00477.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. De Tocqueville, Alexis. 1835/1997. Democracy in America, vol. 1. The Library of America. Last modified February 8, 2013. http://Gutenberg.org/files/815/815-h/815-h.htm.
  4. Deifell, Tony. 2009. The big thaw: Charting a new future for journalism. The Media Consortium. http://www.themediaconsortium.org/thebigthaw/download/.
  5. Dolezal, Lauren (ed.). 2010. Brave news worlds: Navigating the new media landscape. International Press Institute Report.Google Scholar
  6. Fancher, Michael R. 2011. Re-imaginingjJournalism: Local news for a networked world, a white paper on recommendations 1 and 3 of the Knight Commission on the information needs of communities in a democracy. The Aspen Institute.Google Scholar
  7. Ferrier, Michelle. 2013. Hyperlocal online news: Are they meeting community news and information needs? Wiki, March 17. http://hyperlocalonlinenews.wikispaces.com.
  8. Ferrier, Michelle. 2014. The media deserts project: Monitoring community news and information needs using geographic information system technologies. Paper presented at the AEJMC Midwinter Conference, University of Oklahoma, February 2014.Google Scholar
  9. Friedland, Lewis, Philip Napoli, Katherine Ognyanova, Carola Weil, and Ernest J. Wilson III. 2012. Review of the literature regarding critical information needs of the American public. Washington, DC: Federal Communications Commission.Google Scholar
  10. Gonzalez, Juan, and Joseph Torres. 2011. News for all the people: The epic story of race and the American media. New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  11. Gray, Jonathan, Liliana Bounegru, and Lucy Chambers. 2012. The data journalism handbook. O’Reilly Media.Google Scholar
  12. Herzog, David. 2003. Mapping the news: Case studies in GIS and journalism. Redlands: ESRI Press.Google Scholar
  13. Knight Commission on the Information Needs of Communities in a Democracy. 2009. Informing communities: Sustaining democracy in the digital age. Last modified April 7, 2010. http://www.knightcomm.org/read-the-report-and-comment/.
  14. Lessig, Lawrence. 2002. The future of ideas: The fate of the commons in a connected world. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  15. Marketing Charts. 2012. Newspaper Ad expenditures continued fall in ’11. Last modified March 16. http://www.marketingcharts.com/print/newspaper-ad-expenditures-continued-fall-in-11-21519/.
  16. Miller, Greg. 2014. The speedy cartographers who map the news for the New York Times. Wired, October 23. Available at http://www.wired.com/2014/10/new-york-times-maps.
  17. Monmonier, Mark. 1989. Maps with the news: The development of American journalistic cartography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  18. Monmonier, Mark. 2009. Maps in journalism. In Encyclopedia of Journalism. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
  19. Morgan, Fiona, and Allie Perez. 2010. An information community case study: The research triangle, North Carolina. New America Foundation, Release 1.2, September 16, 2010. Available at http://newamerica.net/publications/policy/the_research_triangle_north_carolina.
  20. Napoli, Phillip, Sarah Stonbely, Kathleen McCollough, and Bryce Renninger. 2015. Assessing the health of local journalism ecosystems: A comparative analysis of three New Jersey Communities. A report prepared for the Democracy Fund, the Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, and the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, June 2015.Google Scholar
  21. NewspaperLayoffs.com. 2008. Paper cuts: Buyouts and layoffs in the newspaper industry. Accessed October 24 at http://newspaperlayoffs.com.
  22. Pew Research Center. 2015. Local news in a digital age. Created March 5, 2015. http://www.journalism.org/2015/03/05/local-news-in-a-digital-age/.
  23. Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism. 2013. The state of the News Media: An annual report on American journalism 2013. Available at http://www.stateofthemedia.org/2013/.
  24. Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism. 2015. The state of the news media: An annual report on American journalism 2015. Available at http://www.journalism.org/2015/04/29/state-of-the-news-media-2015/.
  25. Purves, Ross, and Christopher Jones. 2011. Geographic information retrieval. SIGSPATIAL Special 3(2): 2–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shane, Peter M. 2011. Finding information pathways to community inclusion. Nieman Reports 65(2): 19–21.Google Scholar
  27. Sinha Gaurav, Kronenfeld, Barry J., and Brunskill Jeffrey C. 2015. Toward democratization of geographic information: GIS, remote sensing and GNSS applications in everyday life. In Remote sensing handbook (Volume I): Data characterization, classification, and accuracies: Advances of last 50 years and a vision for the future, ed. P.S. Thenkabail. Boca Raton: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  28. The Chicago Community Trust and The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. 2010a. Realizing potential: What Chicago’s online innovators need. September.Google Scholar
  29. The Chicago Community Trust and The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. 2010b. The new news 2010: Mapping Chicago’s online news scene. September.Google Scholar
  30. Thorson, Esther, and Eric Newton. 2008. Indexing community information needs in a democracy. Available at http://www.docstoc.com/docs/164567409/Checklist-for-Community-Information-Needs-in-a-Democracy.
  31. United States Postal Service (USPS) Office of Inspector General. 2013. The untold story of the ZIP code. Report Number: RARC-WP-13-0062013. Available at http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/gpo47009/rarc-wp-13-006.pdf.
  32. Waldman, Steven. 2011. The information needs of communities: The changing media landscape in a broadband age. FCC Working Group on the Information Needs of Communities, June 9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Ferrier
    • 1
  • Gaurav Sinha
    • 1
  • Michael Outrich
    • 1
  1. 1.Ohio UniversityAthensUSA

Personalised recommendations