Balanced Time Perspective: Developing Empirical Profile and Exploring Its Stability over Time

  • Britt Wiberg
  • Anna Sircova
  • Marie Wiberg
  • Maria G. Carelli


Balanced time perspective (BTP) is characterized by flexible switching between a person’s past, present and future time orientations, depending on situational demands, personal resources, experiences, and social evaluations. The present study aimed to explore the psychological characteristics of people with a BTP profile and attain a deeper understanding of the BTP construct. Seven people with BTP profiles were investigated using in-depth interviews, self-report instruments, and a projective test. By testing the participants on two occasions within an 18-month interval, we investigated the stability of BTP. Analyses showed that participants were aware of the “now” and had a synchronicity between the present and the past, and also between the present and the future. Results indicated a degree of temporal stability in the BTP profile and that people’s interpretations and interactions within the surrounding context of events influences their time perspectives.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Britt Wiberg
    • 1
  • Anna Sircova
    • 2
  • Marie Wiberg
    • 3
  • Maria G. Carelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Time Perspective NetworkCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.Department of StatisticsUSBE, Umeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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