Use of TIME: Time Perspective Intervention of Motivation Enhancement

  • Thea Peetsma
  • Ineke Van der Veen
  • Jaap Schuitema


Considering the association between time perspective and motivated learning, the authors draw on time perspective theory in the development of an intervention to increase adolescent students’ motivation for school: TIME (Time perspective Intervention of Motivation Enhancement). Four studies centered on this intervention were conducted and are described here: (1) among students in pre-vocational education, (2) among first-year students in pre-vocational schools, (3) among first-year students in all types of secondary education, with teachers also performing the intervention, and (4) among students in the first year of secondary vocational education. In all four studies, TIME seemed to positively influence the students’ motivated learning behavior in school, possibly by strengthening the connection between learning in school and future goals, and by helping students to construct a contingent path of intermediate steps.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thea Peetsma
    • 1
  • Ineke Van der Veen
    • 2
  • Jaap Schuitema
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Child Development and EducationUniversity of AmsterdamNieuwe AchtergrachtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University of AmsterdamPlantage MuidergrachtThe Netherlands

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