Educational Policy, Parents, and Investment That Matters

  • Gay WilgusEmail author
  • Amita Gupta
  • Guangyu Tan


This concluding chapter entails a discussion of differences and similarities in the ways that changes in educational initiatives, geared toward the building of human and cultural capital and changes in parenting beliefs and practices, geared toward helping children negotiate the challenges these initiatives have created in schools, have played out in China, India, and the United States. Ultimately, this discussion makes a case for investment in human and cultural capital—specifically through investment in quality childcare and early education programs. At the same time, the effectiveness of education that derives from grand-scale standards, and that measure student achievement through standardized testing, is called into question. Recommendations are made for redirecting energies, efforts, and resources toward high-quality care and early educational programs. A case is moreover made for ensuring that the curriculum in these programs features a heavy emphasis on play and the creation of child-friendly classroom environments.


Human capital investment Cultural capital Standardized testing Play Child-centered curriculum 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationThe City College of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.College of EducationState University of New York at FredoniaFredoniaUSA

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