Advertisement

Indonesia: Local Advocacy for Suffrage

  • Kurniawati Hastuti Dewi
Chapter
Part of the Gender and Politics book series (GAP)

Abstract

Dewi offers an alternative narrative to women’s suffrage in Indonesia. Drawing from historical materials from the early 1900s to 1940s, this chapter shows that Indonesian women, Indonesian women’s organizations, with substantial help from Indonesian male nationalist leaders, have played a significant role in advocating and achieving women’s suffrage. This chapter begins by tracing women’s political participation from the first General Election in 1955 until the last 2014 election and examines the adoption of gender quotas in the last three elections in 2004, 2009, and 2014. Given that the total elected female MPs in the national parliament remains below 30%, Dewi concludes that women’s political representation is largely descriptive and suggests that political parties recruit and train better qualified female candidates.

References

  1. Ambong, I. et al. 1986. Penelitian Fungsi Perwakilan Dalam Sejarah (Studi Tentang Volksraad), 1–160. Jakarta: Lembaga Riset Kebudayaan Nasional—LIPI.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous. 1941. Kongres Perempoean IV di Semarang pada tg 25–28 Djoeli 1941. Isteri Indonesia V (8): 7. Google Scholar
  3. Blackburn, S. 1999. Winning the Vote for Women in Indonesia. Australian Feminist Studies 14 (29): 207–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blackburn, S. 2004. Women and the State in Modern Indonesia, 90–93. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blackburn, S. 2007. Kongres Perempuan Indonesia: Tinjauan Ulang, 84. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia dan KITLV.Google Scholar
  6. Danilah, S. 1941. Perempoen Dalam Volksraad. Isteri Indonesia V (1): 2.Google Scholar
  7. Department of Information of the Republic of Indonesia. 1968. The Indonesian Women’s Movement: A Chronological Survey of the Women’s Movement in Indonesia, 10. Jakarta: Department of Information Republic of Indonesia.Google Scholar
  8. detikNews. 2008. PKS Incar Pemilih Wanita. January 29. http://news.detik.com/berita/d-886017/pks-incar-pemilih-wanita. Accessed 17 May 2017.
  9. Dewantara, K.H. 1938. Kedoedoekan Perempoean. Keloearga II (9): 266.Google Scholar
  10. Dewi, K.H. 2007a. Women’s Leadership in Muhammadiyah: ‘Aisyiyah’s Struggle for Equal Power Relations’. Master’s thesis, Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
  11. Dewi, K.H. 2007b. Refleksi dan Proyeksi Sepuluh Tahun (1999–2009): Affirmative Action dan Keterwakilan Perempuan di Parlemen. In Year Book P2P LIPI 2007. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Politik LIPI.Google Scholar
  12. Dewi, K.H. 2008. Perspective versus Practices: Women’s Leadership in Muhammadiyah. SOJOURN: Journal of Social Issues in SoutheastAsia 23: 161–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dewi, K.H. 2010. Potret Kualitas Keterwakilan Perempuan di Parlemen Lokal Pemilu 2009: Kabupaten Pekalongan. Jurnal Dakwah dan Ilmu Sosial 1 (2): 188–202.Google Scholar
  14. Dewi, K.H. 2012. Javanese Women and Islam: Identity Formation Since the Twentieth Century. Southeast Asian Studies [Tonan Ajia Kenkyu] 1 (1): 109–140.Google Scholar
  15. Dewi, K.H. 2015. Indonesian Women and Local Politics: Islam, Gender and Networks in Post-Suharto Indonesia. Singapore: NUS Press and Kyoto University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fourth World Conference on Women Platform for Action. no year. Beijing Platform for Action. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/plat1.htm#concern. Accessed 14 Oct 2003.
  17. Haryono, E.A.D. 2014. Bagaimana Wajah Caleg Perempuan dalam Pemilu 2014? Jurnal Perempuan 19 (2): 154.Google Scholar
  18. Iboe Indonesia. 1938. Kemenangan Pergerakan Poetri: Kaoem Iboe Indonesian Madjoe Kedepan. Keloearga II (9): 262–263. Google Scholar
  19. Iboene Ra’jati. 1932a. Kaoem Perempoean Haroes Berdjoeang. Isteri IV (2): 12–19.Google Scholar
  20. Iboene Ra’jati. 1932b. Perampoean Dan Pergerakan. Isteri IV (8): 18–19.Google Scholar
  21. Koentoem Melati. 1940. Soedah Masanja: Poeteri Indonesia Doedoek Sebagai Anggota di Volksraad. Keotamaan Isteri IV (8): 5–6.Google Scholar
  22. Kompas. 2001. Anggota Parlemen Perempuan Bentuk Kaukus, July 11. Google Scholar
  23. Konggeresnummer. 1932. Poetoesan-Poetoesan Konggeres PPII Jang Ke III. Isteri III (11–12): 5–17. Google Scholar
  24. Laporan Utama. 2009. Transkrip Diskusi: Representasi Politik Perempuan: Sekedar Warna Atau Turut Mewarnai. Jurnal Sosial Demokrasi 6 (June–August): 12–39.Google Scholar
  25. M.A.R. 1931. Tentang Anggauta Perempoean Dalam Perkoempoelan Politiek. Isteri III (5): 105–106.Google Scholar
  26. Melati Meloer. 1940. Hilang Lenjap, Ba’batoe Djatoeh Keloeboek. Keoetamaan Isteri IV (11): 5.Google Scholar
  27. Noor, F. 2015. Electoral Reforms and Women’s Representation in Indonesia: Success, Challenges and the Way Forwards. In Improving Electoral Practices: Case Studies and Practical Approaches, 163–179. Sweden: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.Google Scholar
  28. Patrem. 1932. Pendidikan Perempoean Oentoek Berdjadja dengan Kaoem Lelaki Dalam Pergerakan. Isteri IV (3): 1–7.Google Scholar
  29. Pengantar Redaksi. 2009. Representasi Politik Perempuan: Sekadar Warna, Atau Turut Mewarnai? Jurnal Sosial Demokrasi 6 (June–August): 6.Google Scholar
  30. Pitkin, H.F. 1967. The Concept of Representation, 61–114. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  31. Philips, A. 1995. The Politics of Presence, 63. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  32. Pusat Pemberdayaan Perempuan Dalam Politik. 2001. Mengapa Perempuan Perlu Berpolitik. Swara Androgini 1: 5.Google Scholar
  33. Puskapol Fisip UI. 2013. Potret Keterpilihan Perempuan di Legislatif pada Pemilu 2009, 40–65. Jakarta: Puskapol Fisip UI.Google Scholar
  34. Sawer, M. 1999. Dilemmas of Representation. In Representation and Institutional Change: 50 Years of Proportional Representation in the Senate, ed. M. Sawer and S. Miskin, 102–103, Papers on Parliament No. 34.Google Scholar
  35. Sawer, M. 2000. Parliamentary Representation of Women: From Discourses of Justice to Strategies of Accountability. International Political Science Review 21 (4): 364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Siregar, W.Z. 2008. Gaining Representation in Parliament: A Study of the Struggle of Indonesian Women to Increase Their Number in the National, Provincial and Local Parliaments in the 2004 Elections. PhD thesis, Australian National University, Canberra, p. 102.Google Scholar
  37. Shanti, B. 2001. Kuota Perempuan Parlemen: Jalan Menuju Kesetaraan Politik. Jurnal Perempuan 19: 21.Google Scholar
  38. Soepomo. 1931. Deradjad Perempoean Indonesia Dalam Adatrecht. Isteri II (11): 3.Google Scholar
  39. Soeseno, N. 2014. Perempuan Politisi dalam Partai Politik Pemilu 2014: Keterwakilan Deskriptif vs Substantif. Jurnal Perempuan 81 19 (2): 103–104.Google Scholar
  40. Suryochondro, S. 1984. Potret Pergerakan Wanita di Indonesia, 88. Jakarta: CV. Rajawali.Google Scholar
  41. The Center for Legislative Development. 2000. Women in Power & Decision-Making: 5 Years After Beijing. Women Around the World 1 (4): 1.Google Scholar
  42. Ulfah Santoso, M. 1941a. Kongres Perempoean Indonesia Jang ke 4. Isteri Indonesia V (3): 1–2.Google Scholar
  43. Ulfah Santoso, M. 1941b. Soal Hak Pilih. Isteri Indonesia V (8): 2–4.Google Scholar
  44. Ulfah Santoso, M. 1941c. Hak Pilih Bagi Perempoean. Isteri Indonesia 9 (September): 1–2.Google Scholar
  45. Vreede-De Stuers, C. 1960. The Indonesian Woman: Struggles and Achievements, 58–91. The Hague: Mouton & Co.Google Scholar
  46. Wulandari, L. 2013. Peta Politik Perempuan Menjelang Pemilu 2014: Perempuan dalam Partai Politik, Pemilu, Legislatif, Eksekutif, dan Yudikatif, 50. Jakarta: Perludem.Google Scholar
  47. Wulandari, L., K. Agustyati, et al. 2014. Pencomotan Perempuan Untuk Daftar Calon: Rekrutmen Calon Anggota DPRD Kabupaten/Kota untuk Memenuhi Kuota 30% Perempuan Dalam Pemilu 2014, 44–59. Jakarta: Perludem.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurniawati Hastuti Dewi
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for PoliticsIndonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)DKI JakartaIndonesia

Personalised recommendations