Advertisement

Afghanistan: Uphill Challenges for Women’s Political Rights

  • Andrea Fleschenberg
Chapter
Part of the Gender and Politics book series (GAP)

Abstract

This chapter focusses on the key parameters of women’s suffrage as well as women’s experiences as national parliamentarians since the beginning of the 2001 international intervention in Afghanistan. Afghan women’s trajectory of suffrage and political participation has been and remains a dangerous one that is marked by precarious gains in an extremely volatile sociocultural and political context. Fleschenberg argues that the fluidity of rules, fragile-cum-contested, hybrid institutions, decades of public silencing, marginalisation or outright misogynist systemic exclusion along with high levels of sociocultural and intense conflicts have resulted in women’s low political participation. Gender has been and continues to be one key site of ideological contestation and sociocultural cleavages among key power holders.

References

  1. Abirafeh, L. 2005. Lessons from Gender-Focused International Aid in Post-conflict Afghanistan…Learned? Series: Gender in International Cooperation 7. Bonn: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/iez/02978.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2017.
  2. Azerbaijani-Moghadam, S. 2007. On Living with Negative Peace and a Half-Built State: Gender and Human Rights. International Peacekeeping 14 (1): 127–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fleschenberg, A. 2009. Afghanistan’s Parliament in the Making: Gendered Understandings and Practices of Politics in a Transitional Country. Berlin: Heinrich Böll Foundation and UNIFEM.Google Scholar
  4. Fleschenberg, A. 2012. Afghanistan’s Transition in the Making: Perceptions and Policy Strategies of Women Parliamentarians, Publication Series on Democracy, vol. 31. Berlin: Heinrich Böll Foundation.Google Scholar
  5. Fleschenberg, A. 2016. ‘It Is Not Charity, It Is a Chair of Power’—Moving Beyond Symbolic Representation in Afghanistan’s Transition Politics? Publication Series on Reviewing Gender Quotas in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Kabul and Islamabad: Heinrich Böll Foundation. https://af.boell.org/sites/default/files/it_is_not_charity_research_eng.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2017.
  6. Free and Fair Election Forum Afghanistan. 2013. Survey with Members of Wolesi Jirga on Election Laws. http://www.fefa.org.af/index.php/report/100-survey-with-members-of-wolesi-jirga-on-elections-law. Accessed 27 Oct 2015.
  7. Free and Fair Election Forum Afghanistan. 2015. Parliament’s Perception on Electoral Reform, Kabul. http://www.fefa.org.af/index.php/parliament-monitoring/248-parliament-s-perception-on-electoral-reforms-2015. Accessed 27 Oct 2015.
  8. Hancock, L., and O. A. Nemat. 2011. A Place at the Table: Safeguarding Women’s Rights in Afghanistan. Oxford: Oxfam International. https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/bp153-womens-rights-afghanistan-03102011-en_4.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2017.
  9. Human Rights Watch. 2005. Campaigning Against Fear: Women’s Participation in Afghanistan’s 2005 Elections. http://pantheon.hrw.org/legacy/backgrounder/wrd/afghanistan0805/afghanistan081705.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2017.
  10. Independent Election Commission. 2010. Getting the Grade? Lessons Learnt on Women’s Participation in the 2010 Afghan Parliamentary Election. Kabul: Independent Election Commission Gender Unit. http://www.iec.org.af/pdf/gender/ll_gender_workshop.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2017.
  11. Independent Election Commission. 2014. http://www.iec.org.af/. Accessed 27 Oct 2015.
  12. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. 2015. Special Electoral Reform Commission (2015): Summary of SERC Reform Recommendations I (Kabul, Unofficial Translation, Unpublished).Google Scholar
  13. Kabeer, N., A. Khan, and N. Adelparvar. 2011. Afghan Values or Women’s Rights?: Gendered Narratives About Continuity and Change in Urban Afghanistan. IDS Working Paper No. 387, (London: Institute of Development Studies).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Karlidag, M. 2014. Women’s Political Participation: Considerations on Women’s Inclusion and Empowerment. Kabul: Afghan Women’s Network.Google Scholar
  15. Kreile, R. 2005. Befreiung durch Krieg? Frauenrechte in Afghanistan zwischen Weltordnungspolitik und Identitätspolitik [Liberation by War? Women’s Rights in Afghanistan Between World Order Politics and Identity Politics]. Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft 1: 102–120.Google Scholar
  16. National Democratic Institute. 2010. The 2009 Presidential and Provincial Elections in Afghanistan. http://www.ndi.org/files/Elections_in_Afghanistan_2009.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2017.
  17. Nordlund, A. T. 2004. Demands for Electoral Gender Quotas in Afghanistan and Iraq. Working Paper Series 2004/2, The Research Program on Gender Quotas. http://www.statsvet.su.se/quotas/a_nordlund_wps_2004_2.pdf. Accessed 25 Sept 2007.
  18. quotaProject. n.d. Country Profile Afghanistan. http://www.quotaproject.org/uid/countryview.cfm?country=4#sources. Accessed 27 Oct 2015.
  19. UNDP/UNAMA. 2015. Briefing Powerpoint Presentation: Afghanistan’s Special Electoral Commission (Kabul, Unpublished).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Fleschenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.CologneGermany

Personalised recommendations