Nordic Eurosceptic Voting in 2014: Denmark, Norway, and Sweden
What determined the strong euroscepticism voiced at the 2014 European Parliament (EP) election in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden? This chapter argues that there is no such thing as a uniform Nordic model. Across the three countries, there is pronounced sovereignty-based euroscepticism and a weak democratic euroscepticism, but notable differences concerning perceptions of the European Union’s (EU’s) economic utility and expectations as to its level of social engagement. Yet, Nordic voters do not reject the idea of EU cooperation: no widespread hard euroscepticism exists. In fact, Nordic hard euroscepticism was at one of its historic lowest levels in 2014. A content analysis of eurosceptic party manifestos shows considerable alignment between the eurosceptic profiles of Nordic citizens and the policy stances of the parties they voted for.
KeywordsEuroscepticism • Public opinion • European integration • Nordic model
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