Advertisement

Representing the Landscape of the Sierra Nevada (Granada): A ‘Translated’ Mountain of Reception of the Nineteenth-Century Alpine Geographical Imaginations

  • Carlos Cornejo-Nieto
Chapter

Abstract

The ancient Islamic city of Granada, in southern Spain, has attracted a great number of foreign travellers throughout the nineteenth century, especially British romantic tourists. It was not only the Alhambra that stirred the travellers’ imaginations and interests. Geographical imaginations of the Sierra Nevada have not been investigated yet from a global perspective of the Western cultural knowledge of mountains. This chapter examines several of those foreign travellers’ imaginations. Through the analysis of several images and narrative descriptions of the Sierra appearing in the nineteenth-century British travel accounts, the chapter shows how the aesthetic models of mountain landscapes, previously employed in the English cultural and symbolic approach of the Alps, travelled across time and space through different cultural media, and were reinterpreted in the perception of the Sierra Nevada.

Keywords

Travelling landscape objects Sierra Nevada Nineteenth-century geographic imagination 

Bibliography

  1. Adolphus, J. L. (1858). Letters from Spain in 1856 and 1857. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  2. Andrews, M. (1989). The search for the picturesque: Landscape aesthetics and tourism in Britain, 1760–1800. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Beattie, A. (2006). The Alps: A cultural history. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Beer, G. (1996). Open fields: Science in cultural encounter. Clarendon: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bender, B. (2002). Time and landscape. Current Anthropology, 43(4), 103–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Briffaud, S. (1994). Naissance d’un paysage. La montagne pyrénéenne à la croisée des regards (XVIIe–XIXe siècles). Toulouse: AGM, Université de Toulouse II.Google Scholar
  7. Broc, N. (1991). Les montagnes au siècle des lumières. Perception et représentation. Paris: Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques.Google Scholar
  8. Bucknall Estcourt, T. H. S. (1832). Alhambra/T.H.S.E. London: J. Dickenson.Google Scholar
  9. Burnet, T. (1697). The theory of the earth containing an account of the original of the earth, and of all the general changes which it hath already undergone, or is to undergo till the consummation of all things. London: Printed by R. Norton for Walter Kettilby.Google Scholar
  10. Carr, S. J. (1811). Descriptive travels in the southern and eastern parts of Spain and the Balearic isles, in the year 1809. London: Printed for Sherwood, Neely, and Jones.Google Scholar
  11. Clark, W. G. (1850). Gazpacho or summer months in Spain. London: John W. Parker.Google Scholar
  12. Coleridge, S. T. (1969). In E. Hartley (Ed.), Poetical works. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Cornejo Nieto, C. (2015a). La circulación del conocimiento en la creación del discurso geográfico de Sierra Nevada en el s. XIX. Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica, 41(1), 231–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cornejo Nieto, C. (2015b). Los imaginarios geográficos de Sierra Nevada (siglos XVI–XIX): modelos de representación y prácticas espaciales en la circulación global del conocimiento de la montaña. PhD thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.Google Scholar
  15. Cosgrove, D. (1984). Social formation and symbolic landscape. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  16. Cosgrove, D. (1985). Prospect, perspective and the evolution of the landscape idea. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 10(1), 45–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cosgrove, D. (1990). Environmental thought and action: Pre-modern and post-modern. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 15(3), 344–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cresswell, T. (2003). Landscape and the obliteration of practice. In K. Anderson, M. Domosh, S. Pile, & N. Thrift (Eds.), Handbook of cultural geography (pp. 269–281). London: SAGE.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Daniels, S. (2011). Geographical imagination. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 36(2), 182–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Daniels, S., & Cosgrove, D. (Eds.). (1988). The iconography of landscape. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Debarbieux, B. (1995). Tourisme et montagne. Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
  22. Della Dora, V. (2007). Putting the world into a box: A geography of nineteenth-century ‘travelling landscapes’. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 89(4), 287–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Della Dora, V. (2011). Imagining Mount Athos: Visions of a holy place from Homer to World War II. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.Google Scholar
  24. Driver, F. (1995). Visualizing geography: A journey to the heart of the discipline. Progress in Human Geography, 19(1), 123–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Driver, F. (2003). On geography as a visual discipline. Antipode, 35(2), 227–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Duncan, J., & Gregory, D. (Eds.). (2010). Writes of passage. Reading travel writing. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Ford, R. (1845). A hand-book for travellers in Spain and readers at home, describing the country and cities, the natives and their manners, the antiquities, religion, legends, fine arts, literature, sports, and gastronomy; with notices on Spanish history, Part I. Contaning Andalucía, Ronda and Granada, Murcia, Valencia, Catalonia and Extremadura; with travelling maps and a copious index. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  28. Frolova, M. (2006). Les paysages du Caucase: invention d’une montagne. Paris: Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques.Google Scholar
  29. Gilroy, A. (Ed.). (2000). Romantic geographies: Discourses of travel, 1775–1844. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Harvey, D. (2005). The sociological and geographical imaginations. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, 18(3–4), 211–255.Google Scholar
  31. Hoffmeister, G. (1990). Exoticism: Granada’s Alhambra in European romanticism. In G. Hoffmeister (Ed.), European romanticism: Literary cross-currents, modes, and models (pp. 113–126). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Inglis, H. D. (1831). Spain in 1830 (Vol. II). London: Whittaker, Treacher.Google Scholar
  33. Ingold, T. (1993). The temporality of the landscape. World Archaeology, 25(2), 152–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Irving, W. (1881). The works of Washington Irving in twelve volumes Vol. VIII, Spanish papers. Biographies and miscellanies (Vol. I). New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons.Google Scholar
  35. Jacob, W. (1811). Travels in the south of Spain in letters written A.D. 1809 and 1810. London: Printed for J. Johnson.Google Scholar
  36. Jardine, N., Secord, J. A., & Spary, E. C. (Eds.). (1995). Cultures of natural history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Jiménez Olivencia, Y. (1991). Los paisajes de Sierra Nevada: cartografía de los sistemas naturales de una montaña mediterránea. Granada: Universidad de Granada.Google Scholar
  38. Joutard, P. (1986). L’invention du Mont Blanc. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  39. Kilgour, M. (1995). The rise of the Gothic novel. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Livingstone, D. (1995). The spaces of knowledge: Contributions towards a historical geography of science. Environment and Planning D, 13, 5–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Livingstone, D. (2003). Putting science in its place: Geographies of scientific knowledge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Livingstone, D. (2005). Science, text and space: Thoughts on the geography of reading. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 30(4), 391–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Lorimer, H. (2005). Cultural geography: The busyness of being ‘more-than-representational. Progress in Human Geography, 29(1), 83–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Muñoz Jiménez, J., & Concepción Sanz Herráiz. (1995). Guía física de España. 5. Las montañas (pp. 415–444). Madrid: Alianza.Google Scholar
  45. Natta-Soleri, C. (1998). Alpi gotiche: l’alta montagna sfondo del revival medievale: atti delle giornate di studio. Torino: Museo Nazionale della Montagna.Google Scholar
  46. Nicolson, M. H. (1963). Mountain gloom and mountain glory. The development of the aesthetics of the infinite. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  47. Ogden, H. V. S. (1947). Thomas Burnet’s Telluris Theoria Sacra and mountain scenery. English Literary History, 14(2), 139–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Olwig, K. (1996). Recovering the substantive nature of landscape. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 86(4), 630–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Olwig, K. (2002). Landscape, nature, and the body politic: From Britain’s renaissance to America’s new world. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  50. Platt, J. P., Behr, W. M., Johanesen, K., & Williams, J. R. (2013). The Betic-Rif arc and its orogenic hinterland: A review. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 41(1), 313–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Raffestin, C. (2001). Les Alpes entre mythes et réalités. Revue de Géographie Alpine, 89(4), 13–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Raquejo, T. (1986). The ‘Arab cathedrals’: Moorish architecture as seen by British travellers. The Burlington Magazine, 128(1001), 555–563.Google Scholar
  53. Raquejo, T. (1990). El palacio encantado. La Alhambra en el arte británico. Madrid: Taurus.Google Scholar
  54. Reichler, C. (2002). La découverte des Alpes et la question du paysage. Genéve: Georg.Google Scholar
  55. Roscoe, T., & Roberts, D. (1835). Jennings’ landscape annual for 1835, or the tourist in Spain. Commencing with Granada. Illustrated from drawings by David Roberts. London: Robert Jennings.Google Scholar
  56. Rose, G. (2003). On the need to ask how, exactly, is geography ‘visual’? Antipode, 35(2), 212–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Rupke, N. (2000). Translation studies in the history of science: The example of vestiges. The British Journal for the History of Science, 33(2), 209–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Saglia, D. (2010). Iberian translations: Writing Spain into British culture, 1780–1830. In J. M. Almeida (Ed.), Romanticism and the Anglo-Hispanic imaginary (pp. 25–52). Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  59. Said, E. W. (1991). Traveling theory. In The world, the text and the critic (pp. 226–247). London: Vintage.Google Scholar
  60. Samson, A. (Ed.). (2012). Locus amoenus. Gardens and horticulture in the renaissance. Chichester/Malden: Wiley.Google Scholar
  61. Schama, S. (1996). Landscape and memory. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  62. Secord, J. A. (2004). Knowledge in transit. Isis, 95(4), 654–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Semple, R. (1809). A second journey in Spain, in the spring of 1809; from Lisbon through the western skirts of the Sierra Morena, to Sevilla, Cordoba, Granada, Malaga, and Gibraltar; and thence to Tetuan and Tangier … with plates, containing 24 figures illustrative of the costume and manners of the inhabitants of several of the Spanish provinces. London: C. and R. Baldwin.Google Scholar
  64. Shelley, P. B. (2002). In D. H. Reiman & N. Fraistat (Eds.), Shelley’s poetry and prose: Authoritative texts, criticism. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  65. Walter, F. (1989). Attitudes towards the environment in Switzerland, 1880–1914. Journal of Historical Geography, 15(3), 287–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Wylie, J. (2002). Becoming-icy: Scott and Amundsen’s South Polar voyages, 1910–1913. Cultural Geographies, 9(3), 249–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Wylie, J. (2007). Landscape. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Cornejo-Nieto
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ResearcherMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations