Advertisement

Business History at LSE: An Empiricist Voice

  • Leslie HannahEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Many pioneers of economics blended empirical work effortlessly with their theoretical work, though critics alleged that theory became increasingly divorced from empirics after 1945. Yet many LSE academics—from Ronald Coase and Edith Penrose to Geoffrey Owen and John Sutton—consistently rooted their work in the founders’ aims of studying ‘the concrete facts of industrial life’, generating and testing important ideas in industrial economics. A distinctive LSE initiative in 1978 was the foundation of the Business History Unit, a wellspring of later developments in the subject of business history within the UK and internationally. The core staff and the Unit’s students and diaspora at home and abroad contributed to the analysis of entrepreneurship, technical innovation and comparative business development.

Keywords

Business history History of technology Financial history Business economics Industrial economics Empiricism Entrepreneurs Corporations Varieties of capitalism 

References

  1. Abe, E. and T.R. Gourvish (eds) (1997). Japanese Success? British Failure? Comparisons in Business Performance since 1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Ackrill, M. and L. Hannah (2001). Barclays: The Business of Banking, 1690–1996. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Alford, B.W.E. (1994). ‘Chandlerism: The New Orthodoxy of US and European Corporate Development?’. Journal of European Economic History, 23(3): 631–643.Google Scholar
  4. Bakker, G. (2008). Entertainment Industrialised: The Emergence of the International Film Industry, 1890–1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bakker, G., N. Crafts and P Woltjer (2015). ‘A Vision of the Growth Process in a Technologically Progressive Economy: The United States, 1899–1941’. LSE Economic History Department Working Paper No. 226.Google Scholar
  6. Barker, T. (1976). The Glassmakers: Pilkington: The Rise of an International Company, 1826–1976. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.Google Scholar
  7. Battilossi, S. and Y. Cassis (eds) (2002). European Banks and the American Challenge: Competition and Cooperation in International Banking under Bretton Woods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Benton, S. (1986). ‘Thatcherism Gets the Heave-Ho from Business’. New Statesman, 5 September: 5–8.Google Scholar
  9. Berg, M. (1992). ‘The First Women Economic Historians’. Economic History Review, 45(2): 308–329.Google Scholar
  10. BHU (1979). First Annual Report. London: LSE Archives.Google Scholar
  11. Blanchard, O. (1993). ‘Patterns of Success: Twentieth Century Entrepreneurs in the Dictionary of Business Biography’. CEP Discussion Papers, CEPDP114.Google Scholar
  12. Bloom, N., R. Lemos, R. Sadun, D. Scur and J. Van Reenan (2014). ‘The New Empirical Economics of Management’. CEPR Discussion Paper No 10013.Google Scholar
  13. Bostock, F. and G. Jones (1989). Planning and Power in Iran: Ebtehaj and Economic Development under the Shah. London: Cass.Google Scholar
  14. Bradley, K. and A. Gelb (1983). Cooperation at Work: The Mondragon Experience. London: Gower.Google Scholar
  15. Cassis, Y. (1984). Les Banquiers de la City à L’Époque Édouardienne. Geneva: Droz. Later translated as City Bankers, 1890–1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1994).Google Scholar
  16. Cassis, Y. (1997). Big Business: The European Experience in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Cassis, Y., A. Colli and H. Schröter (eds) (2016). The Performance of European Business in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Cassis, Y., F. Crouzet and T.R. Gourvish (eds) (1995). Management and Business in Britain and France: The Age of the Corporate Economy. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  19. Chandler, A.D. (1962). Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of Industrial Enterprise. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  20. Chandler, A.D. (1977). The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Chandler, A.D. and H. Daems (eds) (1980). Managerial Hierarchies: Comparative Perspectives on the Rise of the Modern Industrial Enterprise. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Chang, H.-J. (2010). 23 Things They Don’t Tell You About Capitalism. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  23. Church, R. (1990). ‘Limitations of the Personal Capitalism Paradigm’. Business History Review, 64(4): 703–710.Google Scholar
  24. Clapham, J.H. (1922). ‘Of Empty Economic Boxes’. Economic Journal, 32(127): 305–314.Google Scholar
  25. Clark, D. (2015). Alibaba: The House That Jack Ma Built. New York: Ecco.Google Scholar
  26. Clarke, P.F. and C. Trebilcock (eds) (1997). Understanding Decline: Perceptions and Realities of British Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Coase, R.H. (1950). British Broadcasting: A Study in Monopoly. London: Longmans Green.Google Scholar
  28. Coase, R.H. (1973). ‘Business Organization and the Accountant’. Chapter 5 in J.M. Buchanan and G.F. Thirlby (eds) LSE Essays on Cost. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson: 95–132.Google Scholar
  29. Coase, R.H. (1974). ‘The Lighthouse in Economics’. Journal of Law and Economics, 17(2): 357–376.Google Scholar
  30. Coase, R.H. (1990). ‘Accounting and the Theory of the Firm’. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 12(1–3): 3–13.Google Scholar
  31. Coase, R.H. (1994). Essays on Economics and Economists. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  32. Coopey, R. (2004). Information Technology Policy: An International History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Coopey, R. and D. Clarke (1995). 3i: Fifty Years of Investing in Industry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Coopey, R. and P. Lyth (eds) (2009). Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance? Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Crandall, R. (1960). The Research Center in Entrepreneurial History at Harvard University 1948–1958: A Historical Sketch. Cambridge MA: Harvard University.Google Scholar
  36. Dahrendorf, R. (1995). LSE: A History of the London School of Economics and Political Science, 1895–1995. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Daumas, J.-C. (ed.) (2010). Dictionnaire Historique des Patrons Français. Paris: Flammarion.Google Scholar
  38. Davenport-Hines, R.P.T. and G. Jones (eds) (1988). The End of Insularity: Essays in Comparative Business History. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  39. Davenport-Hines, R.P.T. and J. Liebenau (eds) (1987). Business in the Age of Reason. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Davenport-Hines, R.P.T. and J. Slinn (1992). Glaxo: A History to 1962. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Dore, R. (2000). Stockmarket Capitalism, Welfare Capitalism: Japan and Germany versus the Anglo-Saxons. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Dunlavy, C.A. and T. Welskopp (2007). ‘Myths and Peculiarities: Comparing US and German Capitalism’. GHI Bulletin, 41(Fall): 33–64.Google Scholar
  43. Edgerton, D. (1984). ‘Technological Innovation, Industrial Capacity and Efficiency: Public Ownership and the British Military Aircraft Industry, 1935–1948’. Business History, 26(2): 247–279.Google Scholar
  44. Edgerton, D. (1987). ‘Science and Technology in British Business History’. Business History, 29(4): 84–103.Google Scholar
  45. Edgerton, D. (1988). ‘Industrial Research in the British Photographic Industry 1879-1939’. Chapter 7 in J. Liebenau (ed.) The Challenge of New Technology: Innovation in British Business since 1850. Aldershot: Gower: 106–134.Google Scholar
  46. Edgerton, D. (1991). England and the Aeroplane: An Essay on a Militant and Technological Nation. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  47. Edgerton, D. (2008). The Shock of the Old: Technology and Global History since 1900. London: Profile.Google Scholar
  48. Edgerton, D. (2010). ‘Innovation, Technology, or History: What is the Historiography of Technology About?’. Technology and Culture, 51(3): 680–697.Google Scholar
  49. Edgerton, D. and S. Horrocks (1994). ‘British Industrial Research and Development before 1945’. Economic History Review, 47(2): 213–238.Google Scholar
  50. Edwards, R.S. and H. Townsend (1958) Business Enterprise: Its Growth and Organisation. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  51. Edwards, R.S. and H. Townsend (1961). Studies in Business Organisation. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  52. Edwards, R.S. and H. Townsend (1966). Business Growth. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  53. Essex-Crosby, A. (1937). ‘Joint Stock Companies in Great Britain, 1884-1934’. MCom thesis, University of London.Google Scholar
  54. Farnie, D.A. and D.J. Jeremy (2004). The Fibre that Changed the World: The Cotton Industry in International Perspective, 1600–1990s. Oxford: Pasold Research Fund and Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  55. Farnie, D.A. and S. Yonekawa (1988). ‘The Emergence of the Large Firm in the Cotton Industries of the World, 1883-1938’. Textile History, 19(2): 171–210.Google Scholar
  56. Fitzgerald, R. (1995). Rowntree and the Marketing Revolution, 1862–1969. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Foreman-Peck, J., E. Boccaletti and T. Nicholas (1998). ‘Entrepreneurs and Business Performance in Nineteenth Century France’. European Review of Economic History, 2(3): 235–262.Google Scholar
  58. Foreman-Peck, J. and L. Hannah (2012). ‘Extreme Divorce: The Managerial Revolution in UK Companies Before 1914’. Economic History Review, 65(4): 1217–1238.Google Scholar
  59. Foreman-Peck, J. and L. Hannah (2013). ‘Some Consequences of the Early Twentieth-Century British Divorce of Ownership from Control’. Business History, 55(4); 543–564.Google Scholar
  60. Foreman-Peck, J. and L. Hannah (2015). ‘The Diffusion and Impact of the Corporation in 1910’. Economic History Review, 68(3): 962–984.Google Scholar
  61. Foreman-Peck, J. and L. Hannah (2016). ‘UK Corporate Law and Corporate Governance before 1914: A Re-interpretation’. Chapter 8 in M. Hollow, F. Akinbami and R. Michie (eds) Complexity and Crisis in the Financial System: Critical Perspectives on the Evolution of American and British Banking. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar: 183–213.Google Scholar
  62. Giroletti, D., A. Carrato and S. Birchal (eds) (1999). Anais da Segunda Conferência Anglo-Brazilieira de Negócios. Belo Horizonte: UFMG.Google Scholar
  63. Goodall, F. (1987). A Bibliography of British Business Histories. Aldershot: Gower.Google Scholar
  64. Goodall, F., T.R. Gourvish and S. Tolliday (eds) (1996). International Bibliography of Business History. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  65. Gospel, H. (1988). ‘The Management of Labour in Great Britain, the US and Germany’. Business History, 30(1): 104–115.Google Scholar
  66. Gospel, H. (1992). Markets, Firms and the Management of Labour in Modern Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  67. Gospel, H. (2005). ‘Markets, Firms and Unions: An Historical-Institutionalist Approach to the Future of Unions in Britain’. Chapter 2 in S. Fernie and D. Metcalf (eds) Trade Unions: Resurgence or Decline? The Future of Trade Unions in Britain. London: Routledge: 19–44.Google Scholar
  68. Gospel, H. and M. Fiedler (2013). ‘The Long-Run Dynamics of Big Firms: The 100 Largest Employers, from the US, UK, Germany, France, and Japan, 1907-2002’. Chapter 2 in G. Dosi and L. Galambos (eds) The Third Industrial Revolution in Global Business. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 68–90.Google Scholar
  69. Gospel, H. and C. Littler (eds) (1983). Management Strategy and Industrial Relations: An Historical and Comparative Study. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  70. Gourvish, T.R. (1987). ‘British Business and the Transition to a Corporate Economy: Entrepreneurship and Management Structures’. Business History, 29(4): 18–45.Google Scholar
  71. Gourvish, T.R. (1995). ‘Business History: In Defence of the Empirical Approach?’. Accounting, Business and Financial History, 5(1): 3–16.Google Scholar
  72. Gourvish, T.R. (2002). British Railways, 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  73. Gourvish, T.R. (ed.) (2003). Business and Politics in Europe, 1900–1970. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  74. Gourvish, T.R. (2006a). ‘What Can Business History Tell Us About Business Performance?’. Competition and Change, 10(4): 375–392.Google Scholar
  75. Gourvish, T.R. (2006b). The Official History of Britain and the Channel Tunnel. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  76. Gourvish, T.R. (2008). British Railways, 1997–2005: Labour’s Strategic Experiment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  77. Gourvish, T.R. and N. Tiratsoo (eds) (1998). Missionaries and Managers: American Influences on European Management Education, 1945–1960. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  78. Gourvish, T.R. and R.G. Wilson (1994). The British Brewing Industry, 1830–1980. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  79. Hannah, L. (1976a). The Rise of the Corporate Economy. London and Baltimore: Methuen and Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  80. Hannah, L. (ed.) (1976b). Management Strategy and Business Development. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  81. Hannah, L. (1979). Electricity Before Nationalisation: A Study of the Electricity Supply Industry in Britain to 1948. London and Baltimore: Macmillan and Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  82. Hannah, L. (1980). ‘Government and Business in Britain: The Evolution of the Modern Relationship’. In K. Nakagawa (ed.) Government and Business Proceedings of the Fifth Fuji Conference. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press: 107–124.Google Scholar
  83. Hannah, L. (1982a). Engineers, Managers and Politicians: The First Fifteen Years of Nationalised Electricity Supply in Britain 1948–1962. London: Macmillan and Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  84. Hannah, L. (ed.) (1982b). From Family Firm to Professional Management. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.Google Scholar
  85. Hannah, L. (1983). ‘Entrepreneurs and the Social Sciences’. The Times, 13 October: 19.Google Scholar
  86. Hannah, L. (1984). ‘Entrepreneurs and the Social Sciences’. Economica, New Series, 51(203): 219–234.Google Scholar
  87. Hannah, L. (1986a). Inventing Retirement: The Development of Occupational Pensions in Britain. London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  88. Hannah, L. (1986b). ‘The Triumph of Capitalism’. The Listener, 21 August: 6.Google Scholar
  89. Hannah, L. (1991). New Horizons for Business History. London: ESRC.Google Scholar
  90. Hannah, L. (1992). ‘Human Capital Flows and Business Efficiency’. Chapter 5 in K. Bradley (ed.) Human Resource Management: People and Performance. Aldershot: Dartmouth Pub. Co.: 46–58.Google Scholar
  91. Hannah, L. (1995). ‘The American Miracle, 1875-1950, and After: A View in the European Mirror’. Business and Economic History, 24(2): 197–220.Google Scholar
  92. Hannah, L. (1999). ‘Marshall’s “Trees” and the Global “Forest”: Were “Giant Redwoods” Different?’. Chapter 7 in N. Lamoreaux, D. Raff and P. Temin (eds) Learning by Doing in Markets, Firms and Nations. Chicago and London: NBER and University of Chicago Press: 253–286. (Also translated into German and Spanish.)Google Scholar
  93. Hannah, L. (2006). ‘The Whig Fable of American Tobacco 1895-1913’. Journal of Economic History, 66(1): 42–73. (Japanese translation published in Tabako-shi Kenkyu, Tokyo, May 2007. Also translated into Spanish.)Google Scholar
  94. Hannah, L. (2015). ‘A Global Corporate Census: Publicly Traded and Close Companies in 1910’. Economic History Review, 68(2): 548–573.Google Scholar
  95. Hannah, L., R. Cohen and J.A. Kay (1987). Electricity Privatisation and the Area Boards: The Case for 12. London: London Economics.Google Scholar
  96. Hannah, L. and M. Kasuya (2016). ‘Twentieth-Century Enterprise Forms: Japan in Comparative Perspective’. Enterprise & Society, 17(1): 80–115.Google Scholar
  97. Hannah, L. and K. Wada (2001). Miezaru te no Hangyaku. (in Japanese; English title: The Invisible Hand Strikes Back). Tokyo: Yuhikaku, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  98. Hannah, L. and K. Wada (2009). ‘Strategic Games, Scale and Efficiency, or Chandler Goes to Hollywood’. Chapter 1 in R. Coopey and P. Lyth (eds) Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 15–35.Google Scholar
  99. Hayek, F.A. (ed.) (1954). Capitalism and the Historians. London: Routledge Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  100. Helten, J.-J. Van and Y. Cassis (eds) (1989). Capitalism in a Mature Economy: Financial Institutions, Capital Exports and British Industry, 1870–1939. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  101. Herrigel, G. (1996). Industrial Constructions: The Sources of German Industrial Power. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  102. Hertner, P. and G. Jones (eds) (1986). Multinationals: Theory and History. London: Gower.Google Scholar
  103. Hill, N.K. (1950). ‘The History of the Imperial Continental Gas Association 1824-1900: A Study of British Enterprise on the Continent of Europe in the 19th Century’. PhD thesis, London University.Google Scholar
  104. Horn, N. and J. Kocka (eds) (1979). Recht und Entwicklung der Grossunternehmen im 19. und Frűhen 20. Jahrhundert. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  105. Hoskin, K. and R. Macve (2012). ‘Contesting the Indigenous Development of “Chinese Double-Entry Bookkeeping” and its Significance in China’s Economic Institutions and Business Organization before c.1850’. LSE Economic History Working Papers, 160/12.Google Scholar
  106. Howe, A. (1997). Free Trade and Liberal England, 1846–1946. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  107. Howson, S. (2012). Lionel Robbins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  108. Hunter, J.E. and S. Sugiyama (eds) (2002). History of Anglo-Japanese Economic and Business Relations, 1600–2000. Volume IV: Economic and Business Relations. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave. Japanese edition: Tokyo University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  109. Hutton, W. and A. Giddens (2000). On the Edge: Living with Global Capitalism. London: Cape.Google Scholar
  110. Jefferys, J.B. (1977). Business Organisation in Great Britain, 1856–1914. New York: Arno Press.Google Scholar
  111. Jeremy, D.J. (1984). ‘Anatomy of the British Business Elite, 1860-1980’. Business History, 26(1): 3–23.Google Scholar
  112. Jeremy, D.J. (1990). Capitalists and Christians: Business Leaders and the Churches in Britain, 1900–1960. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  113. Jeremy, D.J. (1998). A Business History of Britain, 1900–1990s. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  114. Jeremy, D.J. and C. Shaw (eds) (1984–1986). Dictionary of Business Biography. Six volumes. London: Butterworth.Google Scholar
  115. Johnman, L. (1986). ‘The Large Manufacturing Companies of 1935’. Business History, 28(2): 226–245.Google Scholar
  116. Johnson, P. (2010). Making the Market: Victorian Origins of Corporate Capitalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  117. Jones, E. (2001). The Business of Medicine. London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
  118. Jones, G. (1981). The State and the Emergence of the British Oil Industry. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  119. Jones, G. (1984). ‘The Expansion of British Multinational Manufacturing, 1890-1939’. In T. Inoue and A. Okochi (eds) Overseas Business Activities: Proceedings of the Ninth Fuji Conference. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press: 125–153.Google Scholar
  120. Jones, G. (1986). Banking and Empire in Iran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  121. Jones, G. (1987). Banking and Oil. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  122. Jones, G. (1988). ‘Foreign Multinationals and British Industry Before 1945’. Economic History Review, 41(3): 429–453.Google Scholar
  123. Jones, G. (1993). British Multinational Banking, 1830-1990. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  124. Jones, G. (1996). The Evolution of International Business. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  125. Jones, G. (1997). ‘Great Britain: Big Business, Management and Competitiveness in Twentieth Century Britain’. Chapter 4 in A.D. Chandler, F. Amatori and T. Hikino (eds) Big Business and the Wealth of Nations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 102–138.Google Scholar
  126. Jones, G. (2000). Merchants to Multinationals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  127. Jones, G. (2005). Renewing Unilever. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  128. Keegan, V. (1983). ‘Refugees Influence Course of British Business’. The Guardian, 12 October: 19.Google Scholar
  129. Kipping, M., T. Kurosawa and R.D. Wadhwani (2016). ‘A Revisionist Historiography of Business History’. Chapter 3 in J. Wilson, S. Toms, A. de Jong and E. Buchnea (eds) The Routledge Companion to Business History. Abingdon: Routledge: 19–35.Google Scholar
  130. Kleinschmidt, C. and T. Welskopp (1993). ‘Zu viel “Scale” zu wenig “Scope”. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Alfred D. Chandler’s Analyse der Deutschen Eisen- und Stahlindustrie in der Zwischenkriegszeit’. Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte: 251–297.Google Scholar
  131. Knowles, L.C.A (1921). The Industrial and Commercial Revolutions in Great Britain During the Nineteenth Century. London: Routledge (and subsequent editions).Google Scholar
  132. Kurgan-van Hentenrijk, G., S. Jaumain and V. Montens (eds) (1996). Dictionnaire des Patrons en Belgique: Les Hommes, Les Entreprises, Les Réseaux. Brussels: De Boeck Université.Google Scholar
  133. Lamoreaux, N.R., D.M.G. Raff and P. Temin (2004). ‘Against Whig History’. Enterprise & Society, 5(3): 376–387.Google Scholar
  134. Lamoreaux, N.R., D.M.G. Raff and P. Temin (2008). ‘Economic Theory and Business History’. Chapter 3 in G. Jones and J. Zeitlin (eds) Oxford Handbook of Business History. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 37–66.Google Scholar
  135. Landes, W.M., D.W. Carlton and F.H. Easterbrook (1983). ‘On the Resignation of Ronald H. Coase’. Journal of Law and Economics, 26(1): iii–vii.Google Scholar
  136. Leunig, T. (2003). ‘A British Industrial Success: Productivity in the Lancashire and New England Cotton Spinning Industries a Century Ago’. Economic History Review, 56(1): 90–117.Google Scholar
  137. Lévy-Leboyer, M. (ed.) (1979). Le Patronat de la Seconde Industrialisation. Paris: Les Editions Ouvrières.Google Scholar
  138. Lewis, C. (2015). British Railways in Argentina, 1857–1914: A Case Study of Foreign Investment. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  139. Liebenau, J. (1984). ‘Industrial R&D in Pharmaceutical Firms in the Early Twentieth Century’. Business History, 26(3): 329–346.Google Scholar
  140. Liebenau, J. (1987). Medical Science and Medical Industry: The Formation of the American Pharmaceutical Industry. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  141. Liebenau, J. (ed.) (1988a). The Challenge of New Technology: Innovation in British Business Since 1850. Aldershot: Gower.Google Scholar
  142. Liebenau, J. (1988b). ‘Ethical Business: The Foundation of the Pharmaceutical Industry in Britain, Germany and the US Before 1914’. Business History, 30(1): 116–129.Google Scholar
  143. Liebenau, J. (2013). ‘Modernizing the Business of Health: Pharmaceuticals in Britain, in Comparison with Germany and the United States, 1890–1940’. Industrial and Corporate Change, 22(3): 807–847.Google Scholar
  144. Locke, R. (1984). The End of the Practical Man. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  145. Ma, D. (2016). ‘The Rise of a Financial Revolution in Republican China in 1900–1937: An Institutional Narrative’. LSE Economic History Department Working Paper No. 235.Google Scholar
  146. Ma, D. and R. Macve (2016). ‘Accounting, Bookkeeping and the Great Divergence: Insights from Chinese and European Business History’. LSE Working Paper.Google Scholar
  147. McCraw, T.K. (ed.) (1988). The Essential Alfred Chandler: Essays Toward a Historical Theory of Big Business. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  148. McCraw, T.K. (2007). Prophet of Innovation: Joseph Schumpeter and Creative Destruction. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  149. McNeill, A. and A.L. Unterburger (eds) (1987). Business Biography Master Index. Chicago: Gale.Google Scholar
  150. Medema, S.G. (1994). Ronald H. Coase. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  151. Napier, C.J. (2011). ‘Accounting at the London School of Economics: Opportunity Lost?’. Accounting History, 16(2): 185–205.Google Scholar
  152. Nicholas, T. (1999a). ‘Clogs to Clogs in Three Generations? Explaining Entrepreneurial Performance in Britain Since 1850’. Journal of Economic History, 59(3): 688–713.Google Scholar
  153. Nicholas, T. (1999b). ‘Wealth Making in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Britain: Industry v. Commerce and Finance’. Business History, 41(1): 16–36.Google Scholar
  154. Nicholas, T. (2000a). ‘Businessmen and Land Ownership in the Late Nineteenth Century Revisited’. Economic History Review, New Series, 53(4): 777–782.Google Scholar
  155. Nicholas, T. (2000b). ‘Wealth Making in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century: The Rubinstein Hypothesis Revisited’. Business History, 42(2): 155–168.Google Scholar
  156. Nuvolari, A., P.A. Toninelli and M. Vasta (2016). ‘What Makes a Successful Entrepreneur? Historical Evidence from Italy (XIX–XX Centuries)’. Department of Economics, University of Siena, Working Paper 727.Google Scholar
  157. Okochi, A. and S. Yonekawa (eds) (1982). The Textile Industry and its Business Climate. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.Google Scholar
  158. Owen, G. (1999). From Empire to Europe. London: HarperCollins. Google Scholar
  159. Owen, G. (2010). The Rise and Fall of Great Companies: Courtaulds and the Reshaping of the Man-Made Fibres Industry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  160. Pagnamenta, P. and R.J. Overy (1984). All Our Working Lives. London: BBC.Google Scholar
  161. Plant, A. (1974). Selected Economic Essays and Addresses. London: Routledge Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  162. Plender, J. (1983). ‘Business Lessons from History’. Financial Times, 14 October: 23.Google Scholar
  163. Power, E. (1941). The Wool Trade in English Medieval History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  164. Reader, W. (1970/1975). Imperial Chemical Industries. Two volumes. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  165. Reader, W. (1976). Metal Box. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  166. Reader, W. (1979). A House in the City. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  167. Reader, W. (1980). Fifty Years of Unilever, 1930–1980. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  168. Reader, W. (1981). Bowater. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  169. Richardson, G. (1972). ‘The Organisation of Industry’. Economic Journal, 82(327): 883–896.Google Scholar
  170. Ritschl, A. (2008). ‘The Anglo-German Industrial Productivity Paradox, 1895–1935: A Restatement and a Possible Resolution’. Journal of Economic History, 68(2): 535–565.Google Scholar
  171. Ritschl, A., T. Welskopp and K. Girschik (2003). MIGROS – Wachstum einer Charismatischen Genossenschaft (The MIGROS Retailing Group – Growth of a Charismatic Community). Zürich: Hier und Jetzt.Google Scholar
  172. Robbins, L. (1971). Autobiography of an Economist. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  173. Roberts, R. and D. Kynaston (1995). The Bank of England: Money, Power, and Influence, 1694–1994. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  174. Romer, P. (forthcoming). ‘The Trouble with Macroeconomics’. American Economist.Google Scholar
  175. Shannon, H.A. (1932). ‘The First Five Thousand Limited Liability Companies and their Duration’. Economic History, 3: 396–402.Google Scholar
  176. Shaw, C. (1983). ‘The Large Manufacturing Employers of 1907’. Business History, 25(1): 42–60.Google Scholar
  177. Slaven, A. and S. Checkland (eds) (1986). Dictionary of Scottish Business Biography 1860–1960. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.Google Scholar
  178. Strange, S. (1986). Casino Capitalism. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  179. Strange, S. (1988). States and Markets. London: Pinter.Google Scholar
  180. Strange, S. (1997). ‘The Future of Global Capitalism; Or, Will Divergence Persist Forever?’. Chapter 11 in C. Crouch and W. Streeck (eds) Political Economy of Modern Capitalism. London: Sage: 169–192.Google Scholar
  181. Supple, B. (1991). ‘Scale and Scope: Alfred Chandler and the Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism’. Economic History Review, New Series, 44(3): 500–514.Google Scholar
  182. Sutton, J. (1981). Sunk Costs and Market Structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  183. Sutton, J. (2001). Technology and Market Structure: Theory and History. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  184. Sutton, J. (2012). Competing in Capabilities: The Globalization Process. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  185. Suzuki, Y. (1991). Japanese Management Structures 1920–1980. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  186. Tawney, R.H. (1920). ‘The British Coal Industry and the Question of Nationalization’. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 35(1): 61–107.Google Scholar
  187. Tawney, R.H. (1926). Religion and the Rise of Capitalism: A Historical Study. London: Murray.Google Scholar
  188. Tawney, R.H. (1937). The Acquisitive Society. London: Bell.Google Scholar
  189. Teichova, A., T.R. Gourvish, Á. Pogány and P.L. Cottrell (eds) (1994). Universal Banking in Twentieth Century Europe: Finance, Industry and State in North and Central Europe. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  190. Teichova, A., M. Lévy-Leboyer and H. Nussbaum (eds) (1986). Multinational Enterprise in Historical Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  191. The Economist (1918). ‘London School of Economics’. 12 January: 47.Google Scholar
  192. Tiratsoo, N. and J. Tomlinson (1993). Industrial Efficiency and State Intervention: Labour 1939–1951. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  193. Tiratsoo, N. and J. Tomlinson (1998). The Conservatives and Industrial Efficiency, 1951-1964: Thirteen Wasted Years? London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  194. Tortella, G., G. Quiroga and I. Moral-Arce (2010). ‘Entrepreneurship: A Comparative Approach’. Chapter 4 in J.L. Garcia-Ruiz and P.A. Toninelli (eds) The Determinants of Entrepreneurship: Leadership, Culture, Institutions. London: Pickering and Chatto: 81–104.Google Scholar
  195. Tribe, K. (1995). Strategies of Economic Order: German Economic Discourse, 1750–1950. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  196. Turner, J. (ed.) (1984). Business and Politics: Studies of Business Activities in British Politics. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  197. Villanueva, E.T. (2000). Los 100 Empresarios Espaňoles del Siglo XX. Madrid: Lid Editorial Empresarial.Google Scholar
  198. Whittington, R. and M. Mayer (2000). Strategy, Structure and Social Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  199. Williamson, O.E. (1985). The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  200. Wilson, C. (1954). The History of Unilever: A Study in Economic Growth and Social Change. Two volumes. London: Cassell.Google Scholar
  201. Wilson, C. (1968). Unilever, 1945–1965: Challenge and Response. London: Cassell.Google Scholar
  202. Yamey, B.S. (1989). Art and Accounting. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  203. Yonekawa, S. (1987). ‘Flotation Booms in the Cotton Spinning Industry, 1870-1890: A Comparative Study’. Business History Review, 61(4): 551–581.Google Scholar
  204. Yonekawa, S. (1990). General Trading Companies: A Comparative and Historical Study. Tokyo: UN University.Google Scholar
  205. Yonekawa, S. (1994). ‘A Comparative Business History of Management in the Cotton Industry’. Japan Yearbook of Business History, 11: 75–97.Google Scholar
  206. Yuzawa, T. (1985). ‘The Introduction of Electric Railways in Britain and Japan’. Journal of Transport History, 6(1): 1–22.Google Scholar
  207. Yuzawa, T. (ed.) (1994). Japanese Business Success. London: Routledge. (This was a kanreki, a 60th birthday tribute to Shin’ichi Yonekawa.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economic History, London School of EconomicsUniversity of LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations