ICBM Vulnerability

  • Lawrence FreedmanEmail author
  • Jeffrey Michaels


Whatever the aspirations for developing a nuclear strategy geared directly towards a land battle in Europe the debate remained focused on large-scale nuclear exchanges between the super-powers. This was not surprising. Super-power strategic relations had become a highly charged political issue because of SALT. The concepts of first and second strikes had taken root and had provided the frame of reference for the public debate on strategic forces since the late 1950s.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of War StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Defence StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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