Owner Responsibilities in Mumbai
Multi-owned property features prominently in the strategic planning documents of rapidly growing global cities. Mumbai, the most populous commercial city in India and one of the most heavily urbanised metropolitan regions in the world is no exception to this trend. The Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (MMRDA 2013) forecasts a population of twenty-five million in its metropolitan area by 2025. Urban (2012) notes, due to topographical constraints, Mumbai has a large share of multi-owned developments compared to other cities of India. So we could assume this increased housing demand is likely to be met by more multi-owned developments. In this chapter, I examine the evolution of multi-owned developments in Mumbai and associated responsibilities through home-ownership models in either housing cooperatives or in condominiums, and situate Mumbai within the international context.
- Bharuchal, N.K. 2013. High-Rise Building Maintenance Cost Pushes Slum Dwellers Back into Their Jovels. The Times of India, June 13. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/High-rise-building-maintenance-cost-pushes-slum-dwellers-back-into-their-hovels/articleshow/20572301.cms. Accessed 15 Sep 2015.
- Census of India. 2011. Table for Urban Agglomerations. http://www.censusindia.gov.in. Accessed 21 Oct 2015.
- Collective Research Initiatives Trust (CRIT). 2007. Housing Typologies in Mumbai. http://downloads.lsecities.net/0_downloads/House_Types_in_Mumbai.pdf. Accessed 15 Sep 2015.
- Cooperative Housing International. 2015. About India. http://www.icahousing.coop/. Accessed 21 Oct 2015.
- Cooperative Housing Societies Manual. 2012. https://sahakarayukta.maharashtra.gov.in. Accessed 21 Oct 2015.
- Maharashtra Apartment Ownership Act (MAOA). 1970. https://housing.maharashtra.gov.in. Accessed 21 Oct 2015.
- Maharashtra Housing Area Development Authority (MHADA). 2008. https://mhada.maharashtra.gov.in. Accessed 25 Oct 2015.
- Maharashtra Housing (Regulatory and Development) Act. 2012. https://housing.maharashtra.gov.in. Accessed 25 Oct 2015.
- Maharashtra Ownership Flat Act (MOFA). 1963. https://housing.maharashtra.gov.in. Accessed 21 Oct 2015.
- Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). 2013. https://mmrda.maharashtra.gov.in. Accessed 11 Oct 2015.
- Patel, S.B. 2005. Housing Policies for Mumbai. Economic and Political Weekly 40 (33): 3669–3676.Google Scholar
- Singh, V. 2014. Mumbai Housing Societies Go Hi-tech with Online Community Portals. The Times of India, September 15. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Mumbai-housing-societies-go-hi-tech-with-online-community-portals/articleshow/42485287.cms. Accessed 11 Oct 2015.
- The Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act. 1960. https://housing.maharashtra.gov.in. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.
- The World Bank. 2010. Working with the Market: Approach to Reducing Urban Slums in India. http://indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/Working%20with%20the%20Market.pdf. Accessed 19 Oct 2015.
- Urban, F. 2012. Mumbai’s Suburban Mass Housing. Urban History 39. Accessed 19 Sep 2015. doi: 10.1017/S0963926811000812.
- Whitehead, J., and N. More. 2007. Revanchism in Mumbai? Political Economy of Rent Gaps and Urban Restructuring in a Global City. Economic & Political Weekly 42: 2428–2434.Google Scholar