Advertisement

I

  • Martin Garrett
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Literary Dictionaries book series (PAZ)

Abstract

The first visual images of Frankenstein are a poster of ∗Cooke as a tall, athletic creature in ∗Presumption, and the frontispiece of Milner’s The Man and the Monster (1826) showing O. ∗Smith’s creature with long, curly black hair. Neither these pictures nor Theodor von Holst’s frontispiece for the 1831 edition of the novel suggest the brutish figure of later tradition. In Holst, says The London Literary Gazette for 19 November 1831, he is ‘more gigantic than frightful, and the face is deficient in that supernatural hideousness on which the author so especially dwells’ (p. 740). While the frontispiece contains skulls, a skeleton and a Gothic arch, Moreno and Moreno (2018) point out, its emphasis, like that of the novel, is on the ‘fact of the abandonment of the creature and its social costs, not the creation itself and its possible ethical consequences’. Frankenstein’s irresponsibility is established because, as Shelley (2012) notes, he both runs from his creature here, and parts from Elizabeth in Holst’s title-page illustration (p. 329).

Bibliography

  1. Bandiera, Laura and Saglia, Diego (ed.) (2005), British Romanticism and Italian Literature: Translating, Reviewing, Rewriting (Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi).Google Scholar
  2. Bukatman, Scott (2018), ‘Frankenstein and the Peculiar Power of the Comics’, in Davison and Mulvey-Roberts (2018), pp. 185–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burwick, Frederick, and Douglass, Paul (eds) (2011), Dante and Italy in British Romanticism (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  4. Crook, Nora (2001), ‘“Meek and Bold”: Mary Shelley’s Support for the Risorgimento’, in Crisafulli and Silvani (2001), pp. 73–88.Google Scholar
  5. Guerra, Lia (2005), ‘Mary Shelley’s Contributions to Lardner’s Cabinet Cyclopaedia: Lives of the Most Eminent Literary and Scientific Men of Italy’, in Bandiera and Saglia (2005), pp. 221–35.Google Scholar
  6. Marino, Elisabetta (2011), Mary Shelley e l’Italia: il viaggio, il Risorgimento, la questione femminile (Firenze: Le lettere).Google Scholar
  7. Moreno, Beatriz González and Moreno, Fernando González (2018), ‘Beyond the Filthy Form: Illustrating Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein’, in Davison and Mulvey-Roberts (2018), pp. 227–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Murray, Christopher (2016), ‘Frankenstein in Comics and Graphic Novels’, in Smith (2016a), pp. 219–40.Google Scholar
  9. Neff, D.S. (1997). ‘Hostages to Empire: the Anglo-Indian Problem in Frankenstein, The Curse of Kehama, and The Missionary’, European Romantic Review 8, pp. 386–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sanborn, F.B. (1907), The Romance of Mary W. Shelley, John Howard Payne and Washington Irving (Boston: Boston Bibliophile Society).Google Scholar
  11. Schoina, Maria (2009), Romantic ‘Anglo-Italians’: Configurations of Identity in Byron, the Shelleys, and the Pisan Circle (Farnham: Ashgate).Google Scholar
  12. Scott, Grant F. (2012), ‘Victor’s Secret: Queer Gothic in Lynd Ward’s Illustrations to Frankenstein (1934)’, Word & Image 28, pp. 206–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (1994a), Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus: the 1818 Text, ed. Marilyn Butler (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  14. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (1994b), The Last Man, ed. Morton D. Paley (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  15. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (1997a), Lodore, ed. Lisa Vargo (Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press).Google Scholar
  16. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (2000), Valperga, or, The Life and Adventures of Castruccio, Prince of Lucca, ed. Michael Rossington (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  17. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (2009), Frankenstein, ed. Stuart Curran, Romantic Circles (https://www.rc.umd.edu/editions/frankenstein).
  18. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (2012), The Annotated Frankenstein, ed. Susan J. Wolfson and Ronald L. Levao (Cambridge, MA: Belknap).Google Scholar
  19. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (2018), Frankenstein: the 1818 Text, ed. Charlotte Gordon (New York: Penguin).Google Scholar
  20. Smith, Johanna M. (1996), Mary Shelley (New York: Twayne Publishers).Google Scholar
  21. Sussman, Charlotte (2003), ‘Stories for the Keepsake’, in Schor (2003), pp. 163–79.Google Scholar
  22. Young, Elizabeth (2008), Black Frankenstein: The Making of an American Metaphor (New York: NYU Press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Garrett
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations