• S. Bruce Thomson
  • Gina Grandy
Part of the Palgrave Explorations in Workplace Stigma book series (PAEWS)


Sociologist Irving Goffman introduced stigma theory in 1963 describing stigma as an individual trait that elicits negative responses from social interactions. The use of stigma theory has expanded beyond sociology to application in business and organizational studies. Research has documented that stigmatization in the working environment has wide-ranging implications beyond the individual. Stigmatization occurs and has implications at the individual level (micro), occupational or group level (meso), and at the organizational level (macro). This chapter provides an overview of all the chapters which cover topics at the individual level (e.g., disability, illness, obesity, and sexual preference), occupational level (e.g., healthcare workers, garbage collectors, butchers, medical doctors), and organizational level (e.g., multinational organizations).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Bruce Thomson
    • 1
  • Gina Grandy
    • 2
  1. 1.MacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.University of ReginaReginaCanada

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