When East Met West: The Philosophy of Moral Education at a Historical Turning Point

  • Zhuran You
  • A. G. Rud
  • Yingzi Hu


This chapter covers the early twentieth century, when the Chinese criticized traditional moral education and used Western philosophies to replace Confucian doctrines or refresh traditional Chinese philosophy. It first discusses Chen Duxiu’s criticism of the Confucian teaching of rites and his introduction of Western ideologies in reconstructing the Chinese national character and solving social crises; it then examines Liang Shuming’s advocacy of renewing classic Confucian doctrines and using these as an attitude to life supervising modern knowledge and social system, as well as his perspective about world cultures; next it explores Cai Yuanpei’s integration of Kant’s concepts of the phenomenal world and the noumenal world with Chinese traditional philosophy, creating the theory of “the Unity of Five Types of Education”; last, it scrutinizes Tao Xingzi’s effort to transform Dewey’s philosophical frameworks into the life education theory to fit with Chinese national conditions.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuran You
    • 1
  • A. G. Rud
    • 2
  • Yingzi Hu
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Teacher EducationShaoxing UniversityShaoxing CityChina
  2. 2.College of EducationWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  3. 3.Office of the ProvostShaoxing UniversityShaoxing CityChina

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