Hyper-Divided Cities and the ‘Immoral’ Super-Rich: Five Parting Questions

  • Ray Forrest
  • Sin Yee Koh
  • Bart Wissink
Part of the The Contemporary City book series (TCONTCI)


This chapter summarises common themes covered in this volume and highlights areas for further empirical investigation. It is argued that there is a tendency to blame the ‘immoral’ super-rich for the dramatic growth of urban inequalities and the related hyper-division of cities. It is suggested that this accusatory reading should be complemented by empirical research into the precise involvement of the super-rich vis-a-vis other drivers. With this objective in mind, we pose five key questions: What is new about current forms of hyper-division and wealth inequality? What are the roles of structures and intermediaries, in addition to the super-rich? How are governments and their policies implicated? What about transformed urban economies in the context of the financialisation–urbanisation nexus? Are there geographical variations regarding cities and the super-rich?


Real Estate Real Estate Investment Wealth Accumulation Wealth Inequality Urban Fabric 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ray Forrest
    • 1
  • Sin Yee Koh
    • 2
  • Bart Wissink
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public PolicyCity University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.Institutte of Asian StudiesUniversiti Brunei DarussalamGadongBrunei Darussalam

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