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Introduction: The Culturalization of Citizenship

  • Evelien Tonkens
  • Jan Willem Duyvendak
Chapter

Abstract

‘Protecting our culture’ has become common code in Western Europe to deny immigrants full citizenship. By ‘full citizenship’ we mean not only enjoying the legal rights that come with citizenship but being recognized symbolically and emotionally as co-citizens. As will become clear in this book, it has recently become much harder for immigrants to acquire this ‘full’ status: legal rights are only granted after lengthy procedures including citizenship exams, while symbolic access to national belonging is still often denied by native majorities to even second- or third-generation immigrants who are legal citizens (cf. Uitermark et al. 2014).

Keywords

Sexual Minority Constructivist Culturalization Sexual Freedom Full Citizenship Restorative Conception 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelien Tonkens
    • 1
  • Jan Willem Duyvendak
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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