Teaching English in Difficult Circumstances: Setting the Scene

  • Kuchah Kuchah
Part of the International Perspectives on English Language Teaching book series (INPELT)


This introductory chapter discusses the socio-political and economic forces rendering teaching and learning circumstances difficult in developing world contexts as well as the diverse and complex nature of the challenges teacher educators, teachers and learners of English language in these less-privileged contexts face on a day-to-day basis. It revisits the key debates around the transfer of Northern-generated methodological principles and procedures to less-privileged Southern contexts and highlights the need for the development of contextually responsive pedagogic practices. Drawing from current literature on the subject of ELT in difficult circumstances, the chapter shows how language pedagogy has developed in recent years in response to the different contextual challenges imposed on learners, teachers and teacher educators in such contexts.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Kuchah Kuchah
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EducationUniversity of BathBathUK

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