Learner Autonomy and Digital Practices

  • Alice Chik


This chapter calls for new interest in exploring learner autonomy and digital practices. With the wider availability and acceptability of digital media in our daily lives, we are also seeing new affordances for informal language learning. How do learners appropriate digital tools and spaces for language learning? What does learner autonomy contribute to language learning in the digital era? What are the impacts on researching learner autonomy in digital environments? In this chapter, I use a theoretical model of language learning beyond the classroom to evaluate affordances and constraints of learning. Based on auto/ethnographic data, this chapter suggests future research agendas in digital practices and autonomous language learning beyond the classroom.


Learner autonomy Out-of-class language learning Location Trajectory Locus of control Formality Pedagogy Computer-assisted language learning Digital practices 



I would like to thank all Auto-L discussants for their generous support and insightful discussion, which inspired further and deeper thinking on what it meant to learn a language autonomously in our digital time.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice Chik
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational StudiesMacquarie UniversityNorth RydeAustralia

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