• Petrus C. van DuyneEmail author
  • Jackie H. Harvey
  • Liliya Y. Gelemerova


We commented in Chapter  1 that despite over 25 years of academic study there is little in the way of accumulated knowledge or a pool of systematic empirical evidence on our subject. As a result, instead of following a fact-based policy, policy makers appeared to move around in a kind of ‘socio-political aquarium’: one swimming behind the other, quoting and re-quoting what is convenient and in making use of very narrow literature bases, only considering or placing greater emphasis on those statements that support their own stand. Thereby they created an interpretation of the world that has become a self-confirming reality (see Van Duyne 1998; Levi, 2002; Gelemerova, 2011) wherein, money laundering has been and continues to be seen as a phenomenon that “ultimately threatens the integrity of the financial system” and that “shakes the very foundations of our society”. With hindsight, society has proved resilient in the face of far bigger financial disasters, such as the 2007/2008 credit crisis, in which suspect bankers and dubious financial products proved to have a bigger potential for shaking financial and social foundations, though this is not properly studied in the money laundering literature.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petrus C. van Duyne
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jackie H. Harvey
    • 2
  • Liliya Y. Gelemerova
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Penal LawTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Newcastle Business SchoolNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  3. 3.University of ManchesterManchesterUK

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