Conclusion: back to the essence and the future

  • Petrus C. van DuyneEmail author
  • Jackie H. Harvey
  • Liliya Y. Gelemerova


We started this work by looking back to the late 1980s and introduced in the first chapter a hypothetical layman questioning the gravity of the laundering threat that has loomed above our heads for decades without it actually coming down. In the previous chapter we reintroduced this layman with his persistent plain question “What is all this good for?” In relation to the two main aims of combating money laundering: integrity and crime reduction. Trying to answer this question left us rather speechless. Must we admit that there is not sufficient material for a satisfactory answer? Or shall we prevaricate and say the question is not well phrased? That would be nonsense: the question is perfectly clear and simple. Maybe it is a matter of a disorderly ‘conceptual cupboard’ which needs a severe tidying-up. While doing so we may find the outlines of a correspondingly simple answer, provided there is adequate material.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petrus C. van Duyne
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jackie H. Harvey
    • 2
  • Liliya Y. Gelemerova
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Penal LawTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Newcastle Business SchoolNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  3. 3.University of ManchesterManchesterUK

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