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Lenin’s Philosophy in Intellectual Context

  • Daniela SteilaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Both Lenin’s attitude towards philosophy and his philosophical legacy have been highly controversial. This chapter considers ‘Materialism and Empiriocriticism’ on the background of its historical and polemical context. For Lenin, philosophy was not just the field for ideological polemics, since he shared Plekhanov’s opinions about the necessity of a sound theoretical background for any successful practice. Moreover he connected philosophical thought with the problem of the relationship of the revolutionary élite and the proletariat. Lenin’s involvement in the polemics against Machists was at the same time a strategic task and an authentic theoretic enterprise. The analysis of the relationships between Lenin and Bogdanov shows both the overwhelming polemical way of discussing in Lenin’s work, but also some theoretical cores in his ideas. In particular, a central issue in the intellectual debate became how to combine the claim for truth and the risk of dogmatism.

Keywords

Lenin Philosophy Empirio-Criticism Bogdanov Knowledge Truth Machism Realism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks should be expressed to the Aleksanteri Institute (University of Helsinki) for assistance during my visiting fellowship in 2015, and the Slavonic Library in Helsinki, particularly Irina Lukka.

Translated into English by Lucia Pasini.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and Educational SciencesUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

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