Advertisement

Psychology

  • Christina Richards
Chapter
Part of the Critical and Applied Approaches in Sexuality, Gender and Identity book series (CAASGI)

Abstract

Non-binary and genderqueer people will usually see a psychologist for matters unrelated to their gender or only tangentially related to it. In these circumstances psychologists should not pay undue attention to the person’s gender any more than one would for any other demographic characteristic. This chapter therefore focuses on those times where gender is the key issue, for example when a person is considering coming out, or altering their physical appearance and wishes to have the assistance of a psychologist, or is required to as part of a physical transition. It considers a tailored clinical interview and touches upon some differentials, as well as the key elements of affirmative, supportive assessment and clinical practice.

References

  1. Alfieri, T., Ruble, D. N., & Higgins, E. T. (1996). Gender Stereotypes During Adolescence: Developmental Changes and the Transition to Junior High School. Developmental Psychology, 32(6), 1129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013a). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013b). Gender Dysphoria Fact Sheet. Retrieved November 27, 2016, from http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Gender%20Dysphoria%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf
  4. Bao, A.-M., & Swaab, D. F. (2011). Sexual Differentiation of the Human Brain: Relation to Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation and Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 32, 214–226.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Barker, M. J., & Scheele, J. (2016). Queer: A Graphic History. London: Icon Books.Google Scholar
  6. British Psychological Society. (2011). Good Practice Guidelines on the Use of Psychological Formulation. Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society.Google Scholar
  7. British Psychological Society. (2012). Diagnosis—Policy and Guidance. Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society.Google Scholar
  8. Cohen, A. O., Breiner, K., Steinberg, L., Bonnie, R. J., Scott, E. S., Taylor-Thompson, K., et al. (2016). When is an Adolescent an Adult? Assessing Cognitive Control in Emotional and Nonemotional Contexts. Psychological Science, 27(4), 549–562.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Fain, E., & Weatherford, C. (2017). Comparative Study of Millennials’ (Age 20–34 years) Grip and Lateral Pinch with the Norms. Journal of Hand Therapy, 29(4), 483–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fine, C. (2011). Delusions of Gender: The Real Science Behind Sex Differences. London: Icon Books.Google Scholar
  11. Fladung, A. K., & Kiefer, M. (2015). Keep Calm! Gender Differences in Mental Rotation Performance are Modulated by Habitual Expressive Suppression. Psychological Research, 80(6), 985–996.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Glidden, D., Bouman, W. P., Jones, B. A., & Arcelus, J. (2016). Gender Dysphoria and Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Sexual Medicine Reviews, 4(1), 3–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Harrison, J., Grant, J., & Herman, J. L. (2012). A Gender Not Listed Here: Genderqueers, Gender Rebels, and Otherwise in the National Transgender Discrimination Survey. Los Angeles: eScholarship, University of California.Google Scholar
  14. Iantaffi, A., & Barker, M.-J. (2017). Gender: A Guide for Every Body. London: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  15. Joel, D., Berman, Z., Tavor, I., Wexler, N., Gaber, O., Stein, Y., et al. (2015). Sex Beyond the Genitalia: The Human Brain Mosaic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(50), 15468–15473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Joel, D., & Fausto-Sterling, A. (2016). Beyond Sex Differences: New Approaches for Thinking About Variation in Brain Structure and Function. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371(1688), 20150451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McNeil, J., Bailey, L., Ellis, S., Morton, J., & Regan, M. (2012). Trans Mental Health Survey 2012. Edinburgh, UK: Scottish Transgender Alliance.Google Scholar
  18. Richards, C. (2017a). Trans and Sexuality—An Existentially-Informed Ethical Enquiry with Implications for Counselling Psychology [Monograph]. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Richards, C. (2017b). Starshine on the Critical Edge: Philosophy and Psychotherapy in Fantasy and Sci-fi. Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling Psychology Reflections, 2(1), 17.Google Scholar
  20. Robles, R., Fresán, A., Vega-Ramírez, H., Cruz-Islas, J., Rodríguez-Pérez, V., Domínguez-Martínez, T., et al. (2016). Removing Transgender Identity from the Classification of Mental Disorders: A Mexican Field Study for ICD-11. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3(9), 850–859.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Warren, J. C., Smalley, K. B., & Barefoot, K. N. (2016). Psychological Well-being Among Transgender and Genderqueer Individuals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 17(3–4), 114–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Whitehead, S., & Miell, J. (2013). Clinical Endocrinology. Banbury, UK: Scion.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Barker, M. J., & Richards, C. (2015). Further Genders. In C. Richards & M. J. Barker (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of the Psychology of Sexuality and Gender (pp.166–182). London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Barker, M. J., & Richards, C. (2016). Gender in Counselling Psychology. In D. Murphy (Ed.), BPS Counselling Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  3. Fine, C. (2011). Delusions of Gender: The Real Science Behind Sex Differences. London: Icon Books Ltd.Google Scholar
  4. Richards, C., Bouman, W. P., Seal, L., Barker, M. J., Nieder, T., & T’Sjoen, G. (2016). Non-binary or Genderqueer Genders. International Review of Psychiatry, 28(1), 95–102.Google Scholar
  5. Richards, C., & Barker, M. (2013). Sexuality and Gender for Mental Health Professionals: A Practical Guide. London: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Richards
    • 1
  1. 1.Nottingham Center for Transgender HealthNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations