Genital Surgery for Bodies Commonly Gendered as Female

  • David Ralph
  • Nim Christopher
  • Giulio Garaffa
Part of the Critical and Applied Approaches in Sexuality, Gender and Identity book series (CAASGI)


This chapter gives an overview of genital reconstructive surgery that is available for trans-males in the UK, but the methods and rationales can be easily applied to any other country offering similar surgery. Some techniques that are not available in the UK have also been included for completeness. The discussion is specifically oriented to the various modifications of the techniques available for those patients identifying toward the male end of the spectrum of non-binary gender. The descriptions are based on real-world discussions and interviews with patients, and show how typical patient requests can be translated via surgical procedures to get the desired outcome.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Ralph
    • 1
  • Nim Christopher
    • 1
  • Giulio Garaffa
    • 1
  1. 1.St Peters Andrology CentreLondonUK

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