Advertisement

Conclusion

  • Robert Weatherley
  • Qiang Zhang
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter suggests that the pattern of political relaxation followed by public censure against the party as identified in this book is far from unprecedented in the PRC, with reference to the 1957 Hundred Flowers Campaign and the late 1970s “scar literature” and Democracy Wall movements. In both cases, the party backlash against its critics was much more virulent than anything experienced by the modern-day nationalist dissenters, although some pro-Republican era activists have been harassed, arrested and sometimes incarcerated. We then assess the extent to which nationalist dissent is representative of public opinion in China and examine the challenges that such dissent poses for CCP decision-making.

References

  1. Barme, G. (1997). History for the masses. In J. Unger (Ed.), Using the past to serve the present: Historiography and politics in contemporary China. New York: M. E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  2. Bickers, R. (2011). China’s age of fragility. History Today. Retrieved from http://www.historytoday.com/robert-bickers/chinas-age-fragility.
  3. Brady, A.-M. (2009). The Beijing Olympics as a campaign of mass distraction. China Quarterly, 197, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brodsgaard, K. (1981). The democracy movement in China, 1978–79: Opposition movements, wall poster campaigns and underground journals. Asian Survey, 21(7), 747–774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Epoch Times. (2015, September 14). Why is the Chinese communist party discussing its legitimacy? Retrieved from http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1751948-why-is-the-chinese-communist-party-discussing-its-legitimacy/.
  6. Friedman, T. (2010, September 15). Power to the (Blogging) people. New York Times, 25.Google Scholar
  7. Goodman, D. (1981). Beijing street voices: The poetry and politics of China’s democracy movement. London: Marion Boyars.Google Scholar
  8. Guardian. (2016, February 19). Xi Jinping asks for ‘Absolute loyalty’ from Chinese state media. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/19/xi-jinping-tours-chinas-top-state-media-outlets-to-boost-loyalty.
  9. Han, S. (1976). The wind in the tower: Mao Tse-Tung and the Chinese revolution, 1949–1976. London: Cape.Google Scholar
  10. Lynch, M. (1998). The People’s Republic of China since 1949. London: Hodder and Stoughton.Google Scholar
  11. MacDougall, B. (1980). Mao Zedong’s talks at the Yanan conference on literature and art: A translation of the 1943 text with commentary. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  12. MacFarquhar, R. (1974). The hundred flowers campaign and the Chinese intellectuals. London: Octagon Press.Google Scholar
  13. MacKinnon, R. (2008). Flatter world and thicker walls? Blogs, censorship and civic discourse in China. Public Choice, 134(1–2), 31–46.Google Scholar
  14. Nyiri, P., Zhang, J., & Varrall, M. (2010). China’s cosmopolitan nationalists: ‘Heroes and traitors’ of the 2008 Olympics. China Journal, 63, 25–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Perry, E. (1994). Shanghai’s strike wave of 1957. China Quarterly, 137, 1–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. RJC. (2013a). Zhongguo Lishi Qinianji Shangce (Chinese History, Grade 7, Vol. 1). Beijing: Renmin Jiaoyu Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  17. RJC. (2013b). Zhongguo Lishi Qinianji Xiace (Chinese history, Grade 7, Vol. 2). Beijing: Renmin Jiaoyu Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  18. RJC. (2013c). Zhongguo Lishi Banianji Shangce (Chinese History, Grade 8, Vol. 1). Beijing: Renmin Jiaoyu Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  19. RJC. (2013d). Zhongguo Lishi Banianji Xiace (Chinese History, Grade 8, Vol. 2). Beijing: Renmin Jiaoyu Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  20. Teiwes, F. (1997). The establishment and consolidation of the new regime: 1949–57. In R. MacFarquhar (Ed.), The politics of China: The eras of Mao and Deng. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Teufel-Dreyer, J. (1996). China’s political system: Modernization and Tradition. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Weatherley, R. (2006). Politics in China since 1949: Legitimizing authoritarian regimes. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  23. Weatherley, R., & Magee, C. (2017). Using the past to legitimise the present: The portrayal of good governance in Chinese history textbooks (Unpublished paper).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.University of OxfordOxfordUK

Personalised recommendations