Muslim Cosmopolitanism in Question

  • Samadia SadouniEmail author
Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)


Sadouni gives a socio-historical study of Fietas, where Somalis settled after the Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902) and which was a policed territorial unity giving meaning to a sense of urban belonging for the different populations who inhabited it (such as coloureds, Indians, Chinese, Africans and Malays). The chapter draws attention to the Muslim urban spatiality in Johannesburg, which needs to be understood as the spatial organisation of religious relations in the specific context of the city’s CBD. Religion plays a role for Somalis, who were finally classified as Malays following the intervention of a representative of the Ottoman empire, Sheikh Ahmed Effendi, in 1904. The analysis of the data collected in the National Archives of Pretoria contributes to reconstructing Somalis’ memory of an earlier presence in South Africa.


  1. Abrahams, P. (1981). Tell Freedom. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  2. Brodie, N. (Ed.). (2008). The Joburg Book. Johannesburg: Pan Macmillan.Google Scholar
  3. Burbank, J., & Cooper, F. (2010). Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Carrim, N. (1990). Fietas: A Social History of Pageview, 1948–1988. Johannesburg: Save Pageview Association.Google Scholar
  5. Chrétien, J.-P., & Prunier, G. (Eds.). (2003). Les ethnies ont une histoire. Paris: Karthala.Google Scholar
  6. Clarence-Smith, W. G. (1989). The Economics of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Routledge. Google Scholar
  7. Coquery-Vidrovitch, C. (2009). Enjeux politiques de l’histoire coloniale. Marseille: Agone.Google Scholar
  8. Da Costa, Y., & Davids, A. (Eds.). (1994). Pages from Cape Muslim History. Pietermaritzburg: Shuter & Shooter.Google Scholar
  9. Deringil, S. (1999). The Well-Protected Domains: Ideology and the Legitimation of Power in the Ottoman Empire 1876–1909. London: I.B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  10. Dinath, Y., Patel, Y., & Seedat, R. (2014). Footprints of Islam in Johannesburg. In P. Harrison, G. Gotz, A. Todes, & C. Wray (Eds.), Changing Space, Changing City: Johannesburg After Apartheid (pp. 456–480). Johannesburg: Wits University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dugmore, H. L. (1993). ‘Becoming Coloured’: Class, Culture and Segregation in Johannesburg’s Malay Location, 1918–1939. Ph.D., University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  12. Essop, A. (1978). The Hajji and Other Stories. Johannesburg: Ravan Press.Google Scholar
  13. Ewald, J. J. (2000). Crossers of the Sea: Slaves, Freedmen, and Other Migrants in the Northwestern Indian Ocean, c. 1750–1914. The American Historical Review, 105(1), 69–91.Google Scholar
  14. Farrah, S. (2007). Not Black, Not White: The Politics of Apartheid in South Africa. Northridge, CA: New World African Press.Google Scholar
  15. Frost, D. (Ed.). (1995). Ethnic Labour and British Imperial Trade: A History of Ethnic Seafarers in the UK. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  16. Germain, E. (1999). L’Afrique du Sud dans la politique ‘panislamique’ de l’empire ottoman. Turcica, 31, 109–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Germain, E. (2007). L’Afrique du Sud musulmane. Histoire des relations entre Indiens et Malais du Cap. Paris: IFAS-Karthala.Google Scholar
  18. Glick Schiller, N. (2005). Transnational Social Fields and Imperialism: Bringing a Theory of Power to Transnational Studies. Anthropological Theory, 5(4), 439–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Halbwachs, M. (1994). Les Cadres sociaux de la mémoire. Paris: Albin Michel.Google Scholar
  20. Harries, P. (2000). Culture and Classification: A History of the Mozbieker Community at the Cape. Social Dynamics, 26(2), 29–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hervieu-Léger, D. (2002). Space and Religion: New Approaches to Religious Spatiality in Modernity. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 26(1), 99–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ho, E. (2002). Names Beyond Nation: The Making of Local Cosmopolitans. Études Rurales, 3–4(163–164), 215–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ho, E. (2006). The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility Across the Indian Ocean. Berkeley: University of California Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hyslop, J. (2009). Steamship Empire: Asian, African and British Sailors in the Merchant Marine c. 1880–1945. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 44(1), 49–67.Google Scholar
  25. Kaufmann, J.-C. (2004). L’invention de soi. Une théorie de l’identité. Paris: Armand Colin/SEJER.Google Scholar
  26. Kuehn, T. (2011). Empire, Islam, and Politics of Difference: Ottoman Rule in Yemen, 1849–1919. Leiden and Boston, CA: Brill.Google Scholar
  27. Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  28. Lewis, I. M. (1961). A Pastoral Democracy. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Lewis, I. M. (2002). Modern History of the Somali: Nation and State in the Horn of Africa. Oxford: James Currey.Google Scholar
  30. Leyds, G. A. (1964). A History of Johannesburg: The Early Years. Cape Town: Nasionale Boekhandel Beperk.Google Scholar
  31. Pries, L. (2013). Les espaces enchevêtrés du tournant global. In A. Caillé & S. Dufoix (Eds.), Le tournant global des sciences sociales (pp. 101–114). Paris: La Découverte.Google Scholar
  32. Mahomed, N. (2010). Black Mamba Boy. London: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  33. Markovits, C. (1999). Indian Merchant Networks Outside India in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: A Preliminary Survey. Modern Asian Studies, 33(4), 883–911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mbembe, A. (2016). Africa in Theory. In B. Goldstone & J. Obarrio (Eds.), African Futures: Essays on Crisis, Emergence and Possibility. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  35. Onuf, N. (1989). World of Our Making: Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  36. Oosthuizen, G. C. (1982). The Muslim Zanzibaris of South Africa. Durban: Department of Science of Religion, University of Durban-Westville.Google Scholar
  37. Oosthuizen, G. C. (1992). Islam Among the Zanzibaris of South Africa. History of Religions, 31(3), 305–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pankhurst, R. (1974). Indian Trade with Ethiopia, the Gulf of Aden and the Horn of Africa in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Cahier d’études africaines, 14(55), 453–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pillay, B. (1976). British Indians in the Transvaal: Trade, Politics and Imperial Relations, 1885–1906. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  40. Report of Communities and Local Government. (2009). The Somali Muslim Community in England. Understanding Muslim Ethnic Communities.Google Scholar
  41. Sadouni, S. (2011). La controverse islamo-chrétienne en Afrique du Sud. Ahmed Deedat et les nouvelles formes de débat. Aix-en-Provence: Presses Universitaires de Provence.Google Scholar
  42. Salamé, G. (1996). Appels d’empire, ingérences et résistances à l’âge de la mondialisation. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
  43. Sassen, S. (1998). From Globalisation and Its Discontents. New York: New Press.Google Scholar
  44. Saunders, C. (1985). Liberated Africans in Cape Colony in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century. International Journal of African Historical Studies, 18(2), 223–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tayob, A. (1995). Islamic Resurgence in South Africa: The Muslim Youth Movement. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.Google Scholar
  46. Trimingham, J. S. (1964). Islam in East Africa. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  47. Turton, E. R. (1972). Somali Resistance to Colonial Rule and the Development of Somali Political Activity in Kenya 1893–1960. The Journal of African History, 13(1), 119–143.Google Scholar
  48. Young, R. J. C. (2003). Postcolonialism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LyonSciences Po LyonLyonFrance

Personalised recommendations