Advertisement

Art, Spirituality, and Ren or the Ethics of Care: Shawn Wong, Li-Young Lee, and Russell C. Leong

  • King-Kok Cheung
Chapter

Abstract

ART, SPIRITUALITY, AND REN uncovers alternative masculine models in works that valorize spiritual pursuit, artistic accomplishment, and the ethics of care advocated alike by Confucius and feminists. Shawn Wong, Li-Young Lee, and Russell C. Leong counter the “emasculation” of Asian men without succumbing to aggressive or self-denigrating counterexamples. Wong’s American Knees features a seductive lover whose eloquence and wit are reminiscent of Chinese poet-scholars. Lee’s Winged Seed portrays a spellbinding Christian pastor who ministers tirelessly to the needy. Leong’s “Phoenix Eyes” sketches gay men who practice mutual caring in the shadow of AIDS and in the light of Buddhism. These works also reveal how perceptions of masculinity fluctuate with geographical location and with the racial makeup of the dominant culture.

Keywords

Chinese Family Filial Piety Hegemonic Masculinity Model Minority Filial Obligation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Works Cited

  1. Buck, Pearl S. Fighting Angel. New York: Pocket Books, 1936, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. Chan, Jeffery Paul, et al. The Big Aiiieeeee!: An Anthology of Chinese American and Japanese American Literature. New York: New American Library-Meridian, 1991.Google Scholar
  3. Chen, Chih-shen, ed. Tang Po-hu tien Chiu-hsiang/yuan chu kao Pa-chih. Taipei: Kai Hui, 1981.Google Scholar
  4. Cheung, King-Kok. Articulate Silences: Hisaye Yamamoto, Maxine Hong Kingston, Joy Kogawa. New York: Cornell University Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  5. ——. “Of Mice and Men: Reconstructing Chinese American Masculinity.” Other Sisterhoods: Literary Theory and U.S. Women of Color. Ed. Sandra Kumamoto Stanley. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998. 173–199.Google Scholar
  6. ——. “The Woman Warrior Versus The Chinaman Pacific: Must a Chinese American Critic Choose between Feminism and Heroism?” In Conflicts in Feminism. Ed. Marianne Hirsch and Evelyn Fox Keller. New York: Routledge, 1990. 234–251.Google Scholar
  7. Chin, Frank, et al. Aiiieeeee! An Anthology of Asian-American Writers. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1974/1983.Google Scholar
  8. Crenshaw, Kimberlé. “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics.” University of Chicago Legal Forum (1989): 139–167.Google Scholar
  9. Davis, Angela Y. Women, Race, and Class. New York: Vintage, 1983.Google Scholar
  10. Eng, David L. Racial Castration: Managing Masculinity in Asian America. Durham: Duke University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  11. Eng, David L., and Alice Y. Hom, eds. Q & A: Queer in Asian America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
  12. Friedman, Susan Stanford. Mappings: Feminism and the Cultural Geographies of Encounter. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
  13. Fung, Richard. “Looking for My Penis: The Eroticized Asian in Gay Video Porn.” In How Do I Look? Queer Film and Video. Ed. Bad Object-Choices. Seattle: Bay Press, 1991. 145–168.Google Scholar
  14. Harris, Cheryl I. “Finding Sojourner’s Truth: Race, Gender, and the Institution of Property.” Cardozo Law Review 18.2 (1996): 309–409.Google Scholar
  15. hooks, bell. Feminist Theory from Margin to Center. Boston: South End, 1984.Google Scholar
  16. Hwang, David Henry. M. Butterfly. New York: Plume/Penguin, 1989.Google Scholar
  17. Lee, James Kyung-Jin. “Li-Young Lee: Interview by James Kyung-Jin Lee.” In Words Matter: Conversations with Asian American Writers. Ed. King-Kok Cheung. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2000. 270–280.Google Scholar
  18. Lee, Li-Young. The Winged Seed: A Remembrance. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.Google Scholar
  19. Leong, Russell Charles. The Country of Dreams and Dust. Albuquerque: West End, 1993. ——. “Introduction: Home Bodies and Boy Politic.” In Asian American Sexualities: Dimensions of the Gay and Lesbian Experience. Ed. Russell Leong. New York: Routledge, 1996. 1–18.Google Scholar
  20. ——. “Memories of Stone Places.” Emergence 9.1 (1999): 149–162.Google Scholar
  21. ——. Phoenix Eyes and Other Stories. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000.Google Scholar
  22. ——. “Writing Sexualities: Death, and Rebirth in the Gay Diaspora.” Remapping Chinese America: An International Conference on Chinese American Literature: Program & Papers. Taipei: Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica, 1999.Google Scholar
  23. Levenson, Joseph R., and Franz Schurmann. China: An Interpretive History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  24. Ling, Jinqi. “Identity Crisis and Gender Politics: Reappropriating Asian American Masculinity.” An Interethnic Companion to Asian American Literature. Ed. King-Kok Cheung. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 312–337.Google Scholar
  25. Liu, Cynthia. “‘Phoenix Eyes and Other Stories’ by Russell Charles Leong.” Tricycle Spring 2001: 1–2.Google Scholar
  26. Louie, Kam. Theorizing Chinese Masculinity: Society and Gender in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  27. Lowe, Lisa. Immigrant Acts: On Asian American Cultural Politics. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  28. Moy, James S. Marginal Sights: Staging the Chinese in America. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  29. Noddings, Nel. Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics & Moral Education. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  30. Palumbo-Liu, David. Asian American: Historical Crossings of a Racial Frontier. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  31. Pan, Chun Ming, ed. Tang Po Hu Wai Chuan. Chiang-Su: Ku wu hsuan chu pan she, 1993.Google Scholar
  32. Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Vintage, 1979.Google Scholar
  33. Sellman, James D., and Sharon Rowe. “The Feminine in Confucius.” Asian Culture 26.3 (1998): 1–8.Google Scholar
  34. Sohn, Stephen Hong. “‘Valuing’ Transnational Queerness: Politicized Bodies and Commodified Desires in Asian American Literature.” In Transnational Asian American Literature: Sites and Transits. Ed. Shirley Geok-lin Lim, et al. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2006. 100–122.Google Scholar
  35. Spelman, Elizabeth V. Inessential Women: Problems of Exclusion in Feminist Thought. Boston: Beacon, 1988.Google Scholar
  36. Tajima, Renee E. “Lotus Blossoms Don’t Bleed: Images of Asian Women.” Making Waves: An Anthology of Writings by and about Asian American Women. Ed. Asian Women United of California. Boston: Beacon, 1989. 308–317.Google Scholar
  37. Takagi, Dana Y. “Maiden Voyage: Excursion in Sexuality and Identity Politics in Asian America.” Asian American Sexualities: Dimensions of the Gay and Lesbian Experience. Ed. Russell Leong. New York: Routledge, 1996. 21–35.Google Scholar
  38. West, Cornel. Race Matters. Boston: Beacon, 1993.Google Scholar
  39. Wong, Norman. Cultural Revolution. New York: Persea Books, 1994.Google Scholar
  40. Wong, Sau-ling Cynthia. “Circuits/Cycles of Desire: Buddhism, Diaspora Theory, and Identity Politics in Russell Leong’s Phoenix Eyes.” Amerasia Journal 37.1 (2011): 87–111.Google Scholar
  41. Wong, Shawn. American Knees. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.Google Scholar
  42. Yamamoto, Hisaye. Seventeen Syllables and Other Stories. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
  43. Zhao, Jibin 趙紀彬. 《論語新探 [A New Exploration of the Analects]》. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe, 1962.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • King-Kok Cheung
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EnglishUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations