Evidence from the Archives of Societies: Early Instrumental Observations

  • Dario Camuffo


This chapter defines early instrumental observations and explains their significance for climate reconstruction. It also addresses their problems and explains how best to work with them. The chapter sections discuss the development and shortcomings of early instruments—thermometers, barometers, and rain gauges—the relevant measurement practices, and the history of early instrumental observation networks.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dario Camuffo
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council (CNR)PaduaItaly

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