A Year Without a Summer, 1816

  • Christian Pfister
  • Sam White


The April 1815 eruption of the Tambora volcano on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa turned 1816 into the most recent and most memorable “year without a summer.” The Tambora eruption was among the largest in recent history. It brought dramatic climatic and human consequences, which were closely observed around the world. The bicentennial anniversary of the eruption and the “year without a summer” became the occasion for many new studies of this already well-researched event. Thus, Tambora and its aftermath provide a valuable case study in volcanic weather and its historical impacts.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Pfister
    • 1
  • Sam White
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of History, Oeschger Centre for Climate ChangeBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of HistoryOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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