Sustainability-Oriented Business Model Assessment—A Conceptual Foundation

  • Florian Lüdeke-FreundEmail author
  • Birte Freudenreich
  • Stefan Schaltegger
  • Iolanda Saviuc
  • Marten Stock
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Democracy, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship for Growth book series (DIG)


Whether and how “sustainable business models” effectively support sustainable development is not just a matter of design but also of the measurability and manageability of business model effects. While the interrelations between organisations’ sustainability performance and their business models is discussed in an increasing number of academic and practice publications, appropriate management approaches for the deliberate assessment and management of business models and their expected contributions to a sustainable development of the natural environment and human society are currently not available. Therefore, this chapter discusses this research gap and proposes a conceptual framework for sustainability oriented business model assessments.


Business model Sustainability Balanced Scorecard Sustainability assessment Corporate sustainability Framework 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Florian Lüdeke-Freund
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Birte Freudenreich
    • 3
  • Stefan Schaltegger
    • 3
  • Iolanda Saviuc
    • 4
  • Marten Stock
    • 5
  1. 1.University of HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Research Fellow at Centre for Sustainability Management (CSM)Leuphana University, and Governing Responsible Business Fellow, Copenhagen Business SchoolHamburgGermany
  3. 3.Leuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany
  4. 4.University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  5. 5.ifu Hamburg GmbHHamburgGermany

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