The Private Sector and Criminal Justice: An Introduction
This introductory chapter contextualises the wide range of developments and debates discussed in this collection of essays. This is done in three ways. The first is by emphasising the contentious nature of debates exploring the relationship between the private sector and criminal justice. The second is by suggesting that developments in contemporary law and policy in criminal justice and the role of the private sector have been significantly influenced by the critical shift of the post-modern era from ‘government to governance’. This move has resulted in the act of governing no longer being tied to monopolistic ‘command and control’ modes of government but instead drawing on the capacities of a more pluralised or ‘nodal’ set of institutional formations, including public, private and voluntary sector agencies. The third is by identifying the parameters of key debates and competing perspectives. In so doing, the chapter demonstrates that the entanglements of state and market in how criminal justice responses are formulated and operationalised generate debates that attend to the very heart of the political, legal and social order.
- Bovens, M. (2005). Public Accountability. In E. Ferlie, L. E. Lynn, & C. Pollitt (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Public Management (pp. 182–208). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2016). Prisoners in 2015. Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
- Christie, N. (2000). Crime Control as Industry: Towards Gulags, Western Style? London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Cohen, S. (1985). Visions of Social Control. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Corcoran, M., & Hucklesby, A. (2016). Introduction. In A. Hucklesby & M. Corcoran (Eds.), The Voluntary Sector and Criminal Justice (pp. 1–11). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Crawford, A. (1997). The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
- Crawford, A., & Hucklesby, A. (2013). Introduction. In A. Crawford & A. Hucklesby (Eds.), Legitimacy and Compliance in Criminal Justice (pp. 8–28). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Crawford, A., & Lister, S. (2004a). The Extended Policing Family: Visible Patrols in Residential Areas. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
- Criminal Justice Joint Inspectorate (CJJI). (2008). A Complicated Business: An Inspection of Electronic Monitoring, HMI Probation, HMI Constabulary and HMI Courts Administration, Joint Inspection by HMI Probation, HMI Court Administration and HMI Constabulary. Manchester: HMIP.Google Scholar
- Criminal Justice Joint Inspectorate (CJJI). (2012). It’s Complicated: The Management of Electronically Monitored Curfews. A Follow-Up Inspection of Electronically Monitored Curfews. Manchester: HMIP.Google Scholar
- Dolovich, S. (2009). How Privatization Thinks: The Case of Prisons. In J. Freeman & M. Minow (Eds.), Government by Contract: Outsourcing and American Democracy (pp. 128–147). Cambridge, MA/London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Edwards, J. (2016, August 29). U.S. to Review Use of Private Immigration Prisons, Shares Slide. Reuters. Available at http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-prisons-immigration-idUSKCN1141W7. Accessed 28 Nov 2016.
- Freeman, J., & Minow, M. (2009). Introduction: Reframing the Outsourcing Debates. In J. Freeman & M. Minow (Eds.), Government by Contract: Outsourcing and American Democracy (pp. 1–22). Cambridge, MA/London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Garland, D. (2001). The Culture of Control. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Jacobs, J. (1994). Systems of Survival. A Dialogue on the Moral Foundations of Commerce and Politics. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
- Johnston, L. (1992). The Rebirth of Private Policing. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Johnston, L. (2000). Policing Britain: Risk, Security and Governance. Harlow: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Johnston, L., & Shearing, C. (2003). Governing Security. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Jones, T., & Newburn, T. (1998). Public Policing and Private Security. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
- Mashaw, J. L. (2006). Accountability and Institutional Design: Some Thoughts on the Grammar of Governance. In M. W. Dowdle (Ed.), Public Accountability: Designs, Dilemmas and Experiences (pp. 115–157). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Materni, M. (2013). Criminal Punishment and the Pursuit of Justice. British Journal of American Legal Studies, 2(1), 263–304.Google Scholar
- Matthews, R. (1989). Privatization in Perspective. In R. Matthews (Ed.), Privatizing Criminal Justice (pp. 1–23). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- National Audit Office (NAO). (2006). The Electronic Monitoring of Adult Offenders. London: The Stationary Office.Google Scholar
- National Audit Office (NAO). (2013). The Ministry of Justice Electronic Monitoring Contracts (HC 737, Session 2013–14). London: NAO. Available at: https://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/10294-001-MoJ-Electronic-Monitoring_final.pdf. Accessed 27 Mar 2017.
- National Audit Office (NAO). (2014). Home Office/Ministry of Justice Transforming Contract Management (HC 268, Session 2014–15). London: NAO. Available at: https://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Home-office-ministry-of-justice-transforming-contract-management.pdf. Accessed 27 Mar 2017.
- Osborne, D., & Gaebler, T. (1992). Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector. Reading: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
- Prison Reform Trust. (2016, September). Bromley Briefing: Prison Factfile. London: PRT.Google Scholar
- Rhodes, R. A. W. (1997). Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflexivity, and Accountability. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Google Scholar
- Shearing, C., & Stenning, P. (1987). Say “Cheese”!: The Disney Order that Is Not so Mickey Mouse. In C. Shearing & P. Stenning (Eds.), Private Policing (pp. 317–323). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Starr, P. (1988). The Meaning of Privatization. Yale Law and Policy Review, 6(1), 6–41.Google Scholar
- Tankebe, J., & Liebling, A. (Eds.). (2013). Legitimacy and Criminal Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- The Freedonia Group. (2017). Global Security Services Market by Type, Market and Region (12th ed.). Available at: http://www.freedoniagroup.com/ReportsAndStudies.aspx. Accessed 28 Jan 2017.
- Weintraub, J. (1995). Varieties and Vicissitudes of Public Space. In P. Kasinitz (Ed.), Metropolis: Centre and Symbol of Our Times. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- White, A. (2010). The Politics of Private Security: Regulation, Reform and Re-legitimation. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- Zedner, L. (2004). Criminal Justice. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar