‘An Effete World’: Gendered Criticism and the British Association

  • Heather Ellis
Part of the Genders and Sexualities in History book series (GSX)


On the whole, historians have been fairly positive in their estimation of the success of the BAAS in raising the public profile of science over the first two decades of its existence. Although not generally focused on by scholars, the masculine image of men of science was an important part of this profile, and there is little suggestion from historians that the reputation of male scientists sustained any long-term damage in these years. While acknowledging some initial criticism, directed, in particular, at the festival-like atmosphere and expense of BAAS meetings in the early years, from publications like The Times, John Bull and the Tractarian British Critic, most accounts do not dwell in depth on these comments.


Annual Meeting Royal Institution British Association Female Audience Fine Clothes 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Ellis
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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