Crosslinked Polyolefin Foams: Production, Structure, Properties, and Applications

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 184)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to review the most significant developments of the last 10 years in the field of crosslinked polyolefin foams. The methods to produce the foams, the relationships between structure and properties, and the main applications of these materials are briefly reviewed. Topics of possible future research are proposed.

Polyolefin foams Polyethylene foams Crosslinking Foaming agents Physical properties of foams  

Abbreviations

AAGR

Average annual growth rate

AZD

Azodicarbonamide

CPOF

Crosslinked polyolefin foams

C

Constant that accounts for the cell shape

C1 , C2 , C3

Fitting constants in the Gibson and Ahsby equations

Φ

Mean cell size

δ

Mean cell wall thickness

σc

Collapse or yield stress

ρ

Density of the foam

ρs

Density of the solid polymer

DCP

Dicumyl peroxide

EVA

Ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer

ESI

Ethylene styrene interpolymer

Def

Effective diffusion coefficient

fs

Fraction of material in the struts or edges

TN

Fraction of radiant energy sent forward by a solid membrane of thickness δ

r

Fraction of incident energy reflected by each gas-solid interface

t

Fraction of energy transmitted through a solid membrane

HDPE

High-density polyethylene

K

Foam bulk modulus

L

Foam thickness

p0

Initial gas pressure

LDPE

Low-density polyethylene

LLDPE

Linear low-density polyethylene

PO

Polyolefin

PP

Polypropylene

ρ/ρs

Relative density

ω

Refractive index of the plastic

ν

Poisson ratio

P

Polymer permeability

ε

Strain

σ

Stefan--Boltzman constant

λ

Foam thermal conductivity

T

Temperature

λg

Thermal conductivity by conduction through the gas phase

λs

Thermal conductivity by conduction through the solid phase

λr

Thermal conductivity by radiation

λgas

Thermal conductivity of the gas

λsolid

Thermal conductivity of the solid

α

Thermal expansion of the foam

αg

Thermal expansion of the gas

αs

Thermal expansion of the solid

Vgas

Volume fraction of gas

Vpoly

Volume fraction of solid

Es

Solid polymer Young modulus

E

Foam Young modulus

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Física de la Materia CondensadaUniversidad de ValladolidValladolidSpain

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