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A fluorescence and phosphorescence study of AOT/H2O/alkane systems in the L2 reversed micellar phase

  • R. Jóhannsson
  • M. Almgren
Micelles
Part of the Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science book series (PROGCOLLOID, volume 84)

Abstract

Time-resolved fluorescence and phosphorescence quenching measurements were made to determine the size, n c , of possible micellar clusters and the aggregation number, Nagg, of micelles in oil-continuous microemulsions stabilized by aerosol OT (AOT). In particular, water/AOT/dodecane and water/AOT/isooctane systems were studied. The decay curves followed a “double Infelta” [1] decay: In(F)(t)/F(0))=A2t+A3(exp(A4t)-1)+A5(exp(A6t)-1), where the exponents A4 and A6 differ by a factor of 100; the A4 exponent is assumed to represent the intramicellar quenching rate, and A6 the intracluster quenching rate.

Cluster formation was found to occur in the L2 phase, even reasonably far from phase separation limits. ?The clusters showed polydispersity in size while the micelles did not. Cluster formation increased with the concentration of micelles [M], with the chain length of the alkane solvent, and with R=[H2O]/[AOT], the water to surfactant ratio. The micellar aggregation number appeared to be independent of the micelle concentration, but was higher in dodecane than in isooctane. It was not possible to determine whether the processes of exchange in the cluster were due to fusion fission or some other process. Exchange between different clusters, however, seemed to be very slow.

Keywords

Chain Length Decay Curve Cluster Formation Aggregation Number Micellar Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Jóhannsson R, Almgren M (1991) J Phys Chem (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Jóhannsson
    • 1
  • M. Almgren
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute of Physical ChemistryUniversity of UppsalaUppsalaSweden

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