Electronic properties of polyaniline

  • A. Kuczkowski
Conference paper
Part of the Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science book series (PROGCOLLOID, volume 78)


We have investigated the electrical, thermoelectrical, and electrochemical properties of polyaniline (PANI) obtained by electrochemical oxidation of aniline hydrochloride. Van der Pauw’s, two electrode and four-probe conductivity (σ measurements were performed on compressed powder pellets of PANI equilibrated at different pH. PANI shows similar dependence of thermoelectric power (TEP) and log 1 / σ upon pH. At low pH the value of TEP was negative and low. At pH ∼2 TEP changes its sign from negative to positive and increasees with increasing pH. The temperature dependence of conductivity of PANI is closely matched by the expression for variable range hopping. A Hall mobility measurement test for PANI failed. The estimated value of the Hall mobility from this measurement was lower than 0.5 × 10−4m2/V.S. We have constructed a rechargeable Zn/aqueous ZnCl2+NH4Cl/PANI battery showing promising characteristics. Using PANI obtained by anodic oxidation of aniline hydrochloride.

Key words

Polyaniline conducting polymers polymer electrochemical batteries 


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Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kuczkowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Technical Physics and Applied MathematicsTechnical UniversityGdanskPoland

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