Migration of small hydrophobic molecules between micelles in aqueous solution
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Triplet energy transfer from 9-methylanthracene to azulene or guajazulene has been used to probe the migration of azulenes between micelles in aqueous solution. The migration of the hydrophobic solutes between small ionic and nonionic micelles had the temperature dependence expected for a process controlled by diffusion through the intermicellar solution, although the rate in some cases was substantially less than calculated from the Smoluchowski equation. Under conditions in which the micelles grow into large, probably rod-like structures, there are severe difficulties in separating the inter- and intramicellar deactivation processes. The intermicellar migration was enhanced under these conditions, in cetyltrimethylammonium surfactants on addition of chlorate ions, and in hexaethylene glycol dodecylether at temperatures approaching the cloud-point. The mechanism of this migration is discussed and compared with pertinent results from micelle relaxation kinetics and surfactant self-diffusion measurements.
Key wordsTriplet energy transfer micelle solubilization kinetics
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