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Forest tree biotechnology

  • Jeffrey F. D. Dean
  • Peter R. LaFayette
  • Karl-Erik L. Eriksson
  • Scott A. Merkle
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 57)

Abstract

The forest products industry has traditionally viewed trees as merely a raw, and more or less immutable, natural resource. However, unlike such inanimate resources as metallic ores, trees have the potential to be modified genetically, essentially transmuting lead into gold. Increasingly, modern alchemists are applying the tools of biotechnology in efforts to reduce the biological constraints on forest productivity. Several new methodologies being used to address problems in forest biology are described with respect to their potential impact on forest tree improvement. In addition to addressing problems inherent to the current use of trees for production of pulp and paper or solid wood products, genetic manipulation of trees brings with it the potential to create new industries based on the novel characteristics of transgenic trees, e.g. trees containing transgenes to detoxify specific pollutants could be used in the remediation of sites contaminated with hazardous wastes. Efforts to modify trees through biotechnology are in their infancy, and this review seeks to outline the underpinnings of what will undoubtedly be an area of increased emphasis in the next millennium.

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Forest Tree Axillary Shoot Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Symbols and Abbreviations

2,4-D

2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

AFLP

amplified fragment length polymorphism

BAP

benzylaminopurine

Bt

Bacillus thuringiensis endotoxin

CAD

cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase

CaMV

cauliflower mosaic virus

CAT

chloramphenicol acetyltransferase

EPSP

5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate

F5H

ferulate-5-hydroxylase

GFP

green fluorescent protein

GUS

β-glucuronidase

IAA

indoleacetic acid

NAA

naphthylacetic acid

OMT

o-methyltransferase

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PEG

polyethylene glycol

QTL

quantitative trait locus

RAPD

random amplified polymorphic DNA

RFLP

restriction fragment length polymorphism

STFI

Swedish Pulp and Paper Research Institute

vir

a class of genes controlling the virulence of Agrobacterium tumefaciens

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey F. D. Dean
    • 1
  • Peter R. LaFayette
    • 2
  • Karl-Erik L. Eriksson
    • 2
  • Scott A. Merkle
    • 1
  1. 1.Daniel B. Warnell School of Forest ResourcesUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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