Craniofacial surgery simulation

  • Erwin Keeve
  • Sabine Girod
  • Bernd Girod
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1131)


Craniofacial surgery requires careful preoperative planning in order to restore functionality and to improve the patient's aesthetics. In this article we present two different tissue models, integrated in an interactive surgical simulation system, which allow the preoperative visualization of the patient's postoperative appearance. We combine a reconstruction of the patient's skull from computer tomography with a laser scan of the skin, and bring them together into the system. The surgical procedure is simulated and its impact on the skin is calculated with either a MASS SPRING or a FINITE ELEMENT tissue model.


Surgical Simulation Finite Element Approach Mass Spring Model Craniofacial Surgery Marching Cube 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erwin Keeve
    • 1
  • Sabine Girod
    • 2
  • Bernd Girod
    • 1
  1. 1.Telecommunications InstituteUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany

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