Factorization of finite state machines under observational equivalence
A usual approach to designing a complex concurrent system is to follow the topdown design methodology: the abstract specification of the system is decomposed into a network of communicating modules such that the behavior of the modules in composition is equivalent to the behavior of the system specification.
The factorization problem is to construct the specification of a submodule X when the specifications of the system and all submodules but X are given. It is usually described by the equaition \(A|X\mathop = \limits^e B\) where A and X are submodules of system B, | is a composition operator, and \(\mathop = \limits^e \) is the equivalence criterion.
In this paper we use a finite state machine (FSM) model consistent with CCS and study the factorization problem \(A|||X \approx B\) where ||| is a derived CCS composition operator and ≈ represents observational equivalence. An algorithm is presented and proved correct to find the most general specification of submodule X for \(A|||X \approx B\) with B deterministic. This paper extends and is based on the work of M.W. Shields.
KeywordsComposition Operator Finite State Machine State Pair Algorithm Step Equivalence Criterion
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